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citizen (n.)

14世纪, citisein (fem. citeseine) “城市或城镇的居民”, 来自英法 citesein, citezein “城市居民, 城镇居民, 公民” (古法语 citeien, 12世纪, 现代法语 citoyen), 来自 cite (见 city) + -ain (见 -ian). 根据《中世纪英语纲要》, 英法的 -s-/-z- 大概是取代了早期的 *-th-. 古英语单词是 burhsittendceasterware.

意思是“自由人或国家的居民, 国家或民族的成员, 而不是外国人”, 是14世纪晚期的意思是“私人” (相对于文官或士兵) 是从17世纪开始的. 作为称号, 1795年, 来自法语. 在法国大革命期间, citoyen, 作为共和派的替代 Monsieur.

Citizen's arrest, 一个由私人进行的, 没有手令, 在某些情况下是允许的, 从1941年开始记录; citizen's band (无线电) 从1947年开始记录. Citizen of the world (15世纪末) 翻译为拉丁文 civem totius mundi, 希腊文 kosmopolites.

He is not a citizen who is not disposed to respect the laws and to obey the civil magistrate; and he is certainly not a good citizen who does not wish to promote, by every means in his power, the welfare of the whole society of his fellow-citizens. [Adam Smith, “Theory of Moral Sentiments” ]

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Definitions of citizen

citizen (n.)
a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community;
From wordnet.princeton.edu