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citizen (n.)

14世纪 , citisein (fem. citeseine )"城市或城镇的居民",来自英法 citeseincitezein "城市居民、城镇居民、公民"(古法语 citeien ,12世纪,现代法语 citoyen ),来自 cite (见 city )+ -ain (见 -ian )。根据《中世纪英语纲要》,英法的 -s-/-z- 大概是取代了早期的 *-th-. 古英语单词是 burhsittendceasterware

意思是"自由人或国家的居民,国家或民族的成员,而不是外国人",是14世纪晚期的意思是"私人"(相对于文官或士兵)是从17世纪开始的。作为称号,1795年,来自法语。在法国大革命期间, citoyen ,作为共和派的替代 Monsieur

Citizen's arrest ,一个由私人进行的,没有手令,在某些情况下是允许的,从1941年开始记录; citizen's band (无线电)从1947年开始记录。 Citizen of the world (15世纪末)翻译为拉丁文 civem totius mundi ,希腊文 kosmopolites

He is not a citizen who is not disposed to respect the laws and to obey the civil magistrate; and he is certainly not a good citizen who does not wish to promote, by every means in his power, the welfare of the whole society of his fellow-citizens. [Adam Smith, "Theory of Moral Sentiments"]

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Definitions of citizen from WordNet

citizen (n.)
a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community;
From wordnet.princeton.edu