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check (n.1)

14世纪, 在国际象棋中, “表示自己的一步棋使对手的王(或其他主要棋子) 处于直接的危险之中,” 来自古法语 eschequier “国际象棋的棋盘” (也有“棋盘, 棋局” ), 来自 eschec “国际象棋游戏; 棋盘; 棋子; 棋友”, 来自古拉丁语 *scaccus, 来自阿拉伯语 shah, 来自波斯语 shah “王”, 国际象棋游戏中的主要棋子(见 shah; 也可比较 checkmate (n.) ). 也是14世纪广义的“有害事件或事件, 敌对环境”.

如15世纪初“国王暴露在对方棋子的直接攻击之下” 当他的国王被牵制时, 棋手的选择就会受到严重限制. 从这一概念中产生了许多延伸的意义. 从“突然停止, 阻碍, 限制” (1510年代) 的概念中, 产生了“检查或限制的行为或手段”, 也是“发现, 暴露或防止错误的手段; 防止伪造或篡改的手段”.

“因此.” 作为所有权象征的登记簿, 用于检查和防止损失或盗窃“(如:” 登记簿“). hat check 因此,” 在银行开出的书面汇票“(1798 年, 通常拼写为 cheque) 在财务上也有使用, 这可能是受 exchequer 的影响. 因此也有” 在名单上的名称或项目上加注标记, 表示它们已被核实或以其他方式检查“(到1856年).

From its use in chess the word has been widely transferred in French and English. In the sense-extension, the sb. and vb. have acted and reacted on each other, so that it is difficult to trace and exhibit the order in which special senses arose [OED]

意思是” 餐厅账单“是从1869年开始的. Checking account 是由1897年的美国英语证明的. Blank check 在形象的意义上是由1849年证明的(比较 carte blanche). Checks and balances 是来自1782年, 也许最初是指机械.

check (v.1)

15世纪末, 在国际象棋中, “攻击国王; 把(对方的国王) 制住;” 更早(14世纪末) 在形象意义上, “停止, 逮捕; 阻挡, 路障;” 来自 check (n. 1) 或古法语 eschequier, 来自法语中的名词. 国际象棋中的棋手将对手的王置于制衡状态时, 限制了对手的行动能力.

其他的意义似乎都是从棋义或名词发展而来的:“逮捕, 制止”, 然后“以约束的方式持有” (1620年代); 通过与某种权威或记录进行比较, “举起或控制” (一种主张, 一个人等) (1690年代); 对行李等, “交出作为识别手段的检查作为回报” (1846年); “用标记记下作为已被检查等, 从清单上标记下来” (1928年).

因此, 要 check off (1839年); 至 check up (1883年); check inout 在酒店, 图书馆的书等, 1909年). 要 check out 东西) “看一看, 查一查” 是1959年的. 相关链接: Checked; checking.

check (v.2)

“像棋盘一样的标记, 刻有方格或格子的图案”, 15世纪初, 源于古法语 eschequier (v.), 来自法语中的名词(见 check (n. 1) ). 相关内容: Checking.

check (n.2)

“交替颜色的方块图案”, 15世纪, 简称 checker (n. 1). 作为1610年代具有这种图案的织物.

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Definitions of check from WordNet
1
check (v.)
examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition;
check the brakes
Synonyms: check up on / look into / check out / suss out / check over / go over / check into
check (v.)
make an examination or investigation;
check into the rumor
check the time of the class
check (v.)
be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;
Synonyms: see / insure / see to it / ensure / control / ascertain / assure
check (v.)
lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;
Synonyms: control / hold in / hold / contain / curb / moderate
check (v.)
stop for a moment, as if out of uncertainty or caution;
She checked for an instant and missed a step
check (v.)
put a check mark on or near or next to;
Please check each name on the list
Synonyms: check off / mark / mark off / tick off / tick
check (v.)
slow the growth or development of;
Synonyms: retard / delay
check (v.)
be verified or confirmed; pass inspection;
These stories don't check!
Synonyms: check out
check (v.)
be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics;
The handwriting checks with the signature on the check
Synonyms: match / fit / correspond / jibe / gibe / tally / agree
check (v.)
block or impede (a player from the opposing team) in ice hockey;
check (v.)
develop (a child's or animal's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;
Synonyms: discipline / train / condition
check (v.)
consign for shipment on a vehicle;
check your luggage before boarding
check (v.)
hand over something to somebody as for temporary safekeeping;
check (v.)
abandon the intended prey, turn, and pursue an inferior prey;
check (v.)
stop in a chase especially when scent is lost;
The dog checked
check (v.)
mark into squares or draw squares on; draw crossed lines on;
Synonyms: checker / chequer
check (v.)
decline to initiate betting;
check (v.)
hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;
Synonyms: turn back / arrest / stop / contain / hold back
check (v.)
place into check;
He checked my kings
check (v.)
write out a check on a bank account;
check (v.)
find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;
Synonyms: determine / find out / see / ascertain / watch / learn
check (v.)
verify by consulting a source or authority;
check the spelling of this word
check your facts
check (v.)
arrest the motion (of something) abruptly;
He checked the flow of water by shutting off the main valve
check (v.)
make cracks or chinks in;
The heat checked the paint
Synonyms: chink
check (v.)
become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;
Synonyms: crack / break
2
check (n.)
a written order directing a bank to pay money;
he paid all his bills by check
Synonyms: bank check / cheque
check (n.)
an appraisal of the state of affairs;
a check on its dependability under stress
Synonyms: assay
check (n.)
the bill in a restaurant;
he asked the waiter for the check
Synonyms: chit / tab
check (n.)
the state of inactivity following an interruption;
held them in check
Synonyms: arrest / halt / hitch / stay / stop / stoppage
check (n.)
additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct;
check (n.)
the act of inspecting or verifying;
they made a check of their equipment
the pilot ran through the check-out procedure
Synonyms: checkout / check-out procedure
check (n.)
a mark indicating that something has been noted or completed etc.;
as he called the role he put a check mark by each student's name
Synonyms: check mark / tick
check (n.)
something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress;
check (n.)
a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something;
Synonyms: chip
check (n.)
a textile pattern of squares or crossed lines (resembling a checkerboard);
she wore a skirt with checks
check (n.)
the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess;
Synonyms: bridle / curb
check (n.)
obstructing an opponent in ice hockey;
check (n.)
(chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king;
From wordnet.princeton.edu