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check (n.1)

14世纪 ,在国际象棋中,"表示自己的一步棋使对手的王(或其他主要棋子)处于直接的危险之中,"来自古法语 eschequier "国际象棋的棋盘"(也有"棋盘,棋局"),来自 eschec "国际象棋游戏;棋盘;棋子;棋友",来自古拉丁语 *scaccus ,来自阿拉伯语 shah ,来自波斯语 shah "王",国际象棋游戏中的主要棋子(见 shah ;也可比较 checkmate (n.))。也是14世纪广义的"有害事件或事件,敌对环境"。

如15世纪初"国王暴露在对方棋子的直接攻击之下"当他的国王被牵制时,棋手的选择就会受到严重限制。从这一概念中产生了许多延伸的意义。从"突然停止、阻碍、限制"(1510年代)的概念中,产生了"检查或限制的行为或手段",也是"发现、暴露或防止错误的手段;防止伪造或篡改的手段"。

"因此。"作为所有权象征的登记簿,用于检查和防止损失或盗窃"(如:"登记簿")。 hat check 因此,"在银行开出的书面汇票"(1798 年,通常拼写为 cheque )在财务上也有使用,这可能是受 exchequer 的影响。因此也有"在名单上的名称或项目上加注标记,表示它们已被核实或以其他方式检查"(到1856年)。

From its use in chess the word has been widely transferred in French and English. In the sense-extension, the sb. and vb. have acted and reacted on each other, so that it is difficult to trace and exhibit the order in which special senses arose [OED]

意思是"餐厅账单"是从1869年开始的。 Checking account 是由1897年的美国英语证明的。 Blank check 在形象的意义上是由1849年证明的(比较 carte blanche )。 Checks and balances 是来自1782年,也许最初是指机械。

check (v.1)

15世纪末,在国际象棋中,"攻击国王;把(对方的国王)制住;"更早(14世纪末)在形象意义上,"停止,逮捕;阻挡,路障;"来自 check (n.1)或古法语 eschequier ,来自法语中的名词。国际象棋中的棋手将对手的王置于制衡状态时,限制了对手的行动能力。

其他的意义似乎都是从棋义或名词发展而来的:"逮捕、制止",然后"以约束的方式持有"(1620年代);通过与某种权威或记录进行比较,"举起或控制"(一种主张、一个人等)(1690年代);对行李等,"交出作为识别手段的检查作为回报"(1846年);"用标记记下作为已被检查等,从清单上标记下来"(1928年)。

因此,要 check off (1839年);至 check up (1883年); check inout 在酒店、图书馆的书等,1909年)。要 check out 东西)"看一看,查一查"是1959年的。相关链接: Checked ; checking

check (v.2)

"像棋盘一样的标记,刻有方格或格子的图案",15世纪初,源于古法语 eschequier (v.),来自法语中的名词(见 check (n.1))。相关内容: Checking .

check (n.2)

"交替颜色的方块图案",15世纪 ,简称 checker (n.1)。作为1610年代具有这种图案的织物。

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Definitions of check from WordNet
1
check (v.)
examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition;
check the brakes
Synonyms: check up on / look into / check out / suss out / check over / go over / check into
check (v.)
make an examination or investigation;
check into the rumor
check the time of the class
check (v.)
be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;
Synonyms: see / insure / see to it / ensure / control / ascertain / assure
check (v.)
lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;
Synonyms: control / hold in / hold / contain / curb / moderate
check (v.)
stop for a moment, as if out of uncertainty or caution;
She checked for an instant and missed a step
check (v.)
put a check mark on or near or next to;
Please check each name on the list
Synonyms: check off / mark / mark off / tick off / tick
check (v.)
slow the growth or development of;
Synonyms: retard / delay
check (v.)
be verified or confirmed; pass inspection;
These stories don't check!
Synonyms: check out
check (v.)
be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics;
The handwriting checks with the signature on the check
Synonyms: match / fit / correspond / jibe / gibe / tally / agree
check (v.)
block or impede (a player from the opposing team) in ice hockey;
check (v.)
develop (a child's or animal's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;
Synonyms: discipline / train / condition
check (v.)
consign for shipment on a vehicle;
check your luggage before boarding
check (v.)
hand over something to somebody as for temporary safekeeping;
check (v.)
abandon the intended prey, turn, and pursue an inferior prey;
check (v.)
stop in a chase especially when scent is lost;
The dog checked
check (v.)
mark into squares or draw squares on; draw crossed lines on;
Synonyms: checker / chequer
check (v.)
decline to initiate betting;
check (v.)
hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;
Synonyms: turn back / arrest / stop / contain / hold back
check (v.)
place into check;
He checked my kings
check (v.)
write out a check on a bank account;
check (v.)
find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;
Synonyms: determine / find out / see / ascertain / watch / learn
check (v.)
verify by consulting a source or authority;
check the spelling of this word
check your facts
check (v.)
arrest the motion (of something) abruptly;
He checked the flow of water by shutting off the main valve
check (v.)
make cracks or chinks in;
The heat checked the paint
Synonyms: chink
check (v.)
become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;
Synonyms: crack / break
2
check (n.)
a written order directing a bank to pay money;
he paid all his bills by check
Synonyms: bank check / cheque
check (n.)
an appraisal of the state of affairs;
a check on its dependability under stress
Synonyms: assay
check (n.)
the bill in a restaurant;
he asked the waiter for the check
Synonyms: chit / tab
check (n.)
the state of inactivity following an interruption;
held them in check
Synonyms: arrest / halt / hitch / stay / stop / stoppage
check (n.)
additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct;
check (n.)
the act of inspecting or verifying;
they made a check of their equipment
the pilot ran through the check-out procedure
Synonyms: checkout / check-out procedure
check (n.)
a mark indicating that something has been noted or completed etc.;
as he called the role he put a check mark by each student's name
Synonyms: check mark / tick
check (n.)
something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress;
check (n.)
a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something;
Synonyms: chip
check (n.)
a textile pattern of squares or crossed lines (resembling a checkerboard);
she wore a skirt with checks
check (n.)
the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess;
Synonyms: bridle / curb
check (n.)
obstructing an opponent in ice hockey;
check (n.)
(chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king;
From wordnet.princeton.edu