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charity (n.)

古英语晚期, “对穷人的仁爱”, 也是“基督教爱的最高表现”, 来自古法语 charité “(基督教) 慈善, 怜悯, 同情; 施舍; 慈善的基础” (12世纪), 来自拉丁文 caritatem (名词 caritas) “代价; 尊敬, 感情”, 来自 carus “亲爱的, 重视”, 来自PIE *karo-, 来自词根 *ka- “喜欢, 渴望”.

在武加大版中, 这个拉丁词常被用作希腊文 agape “爱” 的翻译--尤其是基督教对同胞的爱--也许是为了避免拉丁文 amor) 的性暗示. 武加大版有时也用拉丁文 dilectio, 行动的名词翻译 agape, 来自 diligere “高度推崇, 爱” (见 diligence).

Wyclif and the Rhemish version regularly rendered the Vulgate dilectio by 'love, ' caritas by 'charity. ' But the 16th c. Eng. versions from Tindale to 1611, while rendering agape sometimes 'love, ' sometimes 'charity, ' did not follow the dilectio and caritas of the Vulgate, but used 'love' more often (about 86 times), confining 'charity' to 26 passages in the Pauline and certain of the Catholic Epistles (not in I John), and the Apocalypse. .. . In the Revised Version 1881, 'love' has been substituted in all these instances, so that it now stands as the uniform rendering of agape. [OED]

一般意义上的“人们应该对彼此的感情” 来自14世纪. 来自14世纪为“善意或慈善行为”, 也有“施舍, 即无偿地赐予需要帮助的一个人或几个人”. 到1690年代, 英语中“慈善基金会或机构” 的意义得到证明. 意为“在判断他人或其行为时的自由度”, 是15世纪末A charity-school (1680年代) 由自愿捐款或遗赠维持的.

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Definitions of charity from WordNet

charity (n.)
a foundation created to promote the public good (not for assistance to any particular individuals);
charity (n.)
a kindly and lenient attitude toward people;
Synonyms: brotherly love
charity (n.)
an activity or gift that benefits the public at large;
charity (n.)
pinnate-leaved European perennial having bright blue or white flowers;
Synonyms: Jacob's ladder / Greek valerian / Polemonium caeruleum / Polemonium van-bruntiae / Polymonium caeruleum van-bruntiae
charity (n.)
an institution set up to provide help to the needy;
From wordnet.princeton.edu