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charisma (n.)

1875年,"特殊的属灵恩赐或神赐的力量,来自神的才能"(如在《使徒行传》等中的earely基督徒身上),希腊文 kharisma "恩惠、神赐"的拉丁化形式,来自 kharizesthai "向其示好",来自 kharis "恩典、美貌、仁慈"( Charis 是阿佛洛狄忒的三个侍女之一的名字),与 khairein "欢喜"有关,来自PIE根 *gher- (2)"喜欢、想要"。

在形式 charism (复数 charismata )中,从1640年代开始就有了"神的特殊精神礼物"的意义。同时,中古英语有 karisme "精神的礼物,神圣的恩典"(16世纪)。

These gifts were of two classes, the gift of healing and gift of teaching, the latter again being of two kinds, the gift of prophecy and the gift of tongues. Such gifts have been claimed in later ages by certain teachers and sects in the church, as the Montanists and the Irvingites, and in recent times by some of those who practise the so-called faith-cure. [Century Dictionary, 1897]

意为"领导的天赋,权威的力量",来自约1930年,来自德语,马克斯-韦伯(1864-1920)在这个意义上使用 "Wirtschaft u. Gesellschaft" (1922)。到1959年记录的"个人魅力"的意义更为平凡。

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Definitions of charisma from WordNet

charisma (n.)
a personal attractiveness or interestingness that enables you to influence others;
Synonyms: personal appeal / personal magnetism
From wordnet.princeton.edu