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cell (n.)

12世纪初,"小修道院、下属修道院"(来自中世纪拉丁文的这个意义),后来是"僧侣或修女在修道院的小房间;隐士的住所"(14世纪),来自拉丁文 cella "小房间、储藏室、小屋",与拉丁文 celare "隐藏、隐蔽"有关,来自PIE根 *kel- (1)"掩盖、隐藏、保存"。

从"僧房"的意义扩展到"囚室"(1722)。该词在14世纪被形象地用于大脑"隔间",作为某些部门的居所;到17世纪,该词在生物学中被用于各种腔体(木质结构、果实的片段、蜂巢),逐渐集中到现代意义上的"所有生物体的基本结构"(OED将其追溯到1845年)。

电瓶意义是1828年的,基于很早类型的"车厢"。意思是"在一个较大的组织内工作的小团体"是从1925年开始的。 Cell-body 是来自1851年。 cell-division 从1846年开始。 cell-membrane 从1837年开始(但 cellular membrane 是1732年)。 cell wall 从1842年开始。

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Definitions of cell from WordNet

cell (n.)
any small compartment;
the cells of a honeycomb
cell (n.)
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;
cell (n.)
a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;
Synonyms: electric cell
cell (n.)
a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;
Synonyms: cadre
cell (n.)
a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver;
Synonyms: cellular telephone / cellular phone / cellphone / mobile phone
cell (n.)
small room in which a monk or nun lives;
Synonyms: cubicle
cell (n.)
a room where a prisoner is kept;
Synonyms: jail cell / prison cell
From wordnet.princeton.edu