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cell (n.)

12世纪初, “小修道院, 下属修道院” (来自中世纪拉丁文的这个意义), 后来是“僧侣或修女在修道院的小房间; 隐士的住所” (14世纪), 来自拉丁文 cella “小房间, 储藏室, 小屋”, 与拉丁文 celare “隐藏, 隐蔽” 有关, 来自PIE根 *kel- (1) “掩盖, 隐藏, 保存”.

从“僧房” 的意义扩展到“囚室” (1722). 该词在14世纪被形象地用于大脑“隔间”, 作为某些部门的居所; 到17世纪, 该词在生物学中被用于各种腔体(木质结构, 果实的片段, 蜂巢), 逐渐集中到现代意义上的“所有生物体的基本结构” (OED将其追溯到1845年).

电瓶意义是1828年的, 基于很早类型的“车厢”. 意思是“在一个较大的组织内工作的小团体” 是从1925年开始的. Cell-body 是来自1851年. cell-division 从1846年开始. cell-membrane 从1837年开始(但 cellular membrane 是1732年). cell wall 从1842年开始.

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Definitions of cell from WordNet

cell (n.)
any small compartment;
the cells of a honeycomb
cell (n.)
(biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;
cell (n.)
a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;
Synonyms: electric cell
cell (n.)
a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;
Synonyms: cadre
cell (n.)
a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver;
Synonyms: cellular telephone / cellular phone / cellphone / mobile phone
cell (n.)
small room in which a monk or nun lives;
Synonyms: cubicle
cell (n.)
a room where a prisoner is kept;
Synonyms: jail cell / prison cell
From wordnet.princeton.edu