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Caucasian (adj.)

1807年, 属于或与 Caucasus 山(q. v.), 与 -ian. 1795年德国人类学家约翰-弗里德里希-布卢门巴赫(Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, 1752-1840) 应用于“白种人” (拉丁文), 他在其开创性的人类学论文中把人类区分为五个种族. 蒙古人, 埃塞俄比亚人, 马来人, (土著) 美洲人和高加索人. 在后一组中, 他包括了几乎所有的欧洲人(除了拉普人和芬兰人), 亚美尼亚人, 波斯人和印度人, 以及阿拉伯人和犹太人. 他的划分尝试是基于头骨的物理相似性.

Blumenbach had a solitary Georgian skull; and that skull was the finest in his collection: that of a Greek being the next. Hence it was taken as the type of the skull of the more organised divisions of our species. More than this, it gave its name to the type, and introduced term Caucasian. Never has a single head done more harm to science than was done in the way of posthumous mischief by the head of this well-shaped female from Georgia. [Robert Gordon Latham, M. D. , “The Natural History of the Varieties of Man,” London, 1850]

这个词作为一个历史/人类学术语早已被抛弃. 比较 Aryan.

Caucasian (n.)

“高加索的居民或原住民”, 1843年; 见 Caucasian (adj.). 意思是“'白'人种之一” 是1830年的.

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Definitions of Caucasian from WordNet
1
Caucasian (n.)
a Caucasian;
Synonyms: White / White person
Caucasian (n.)
a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that are unrelated to languages spoken elsewhere;
Synonyms: Caucasian language
2
Caucasian (adj.)
of or relating to the geographical region of Caucasia;
Synonyms: Caucasic
Caucasian (adj.)
of or relating to Caucasian people;
Synonyms: Caucasoid
From wordnet.princeton.edu