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catastrophe (n.)

1530年代,"事与愿违"(尤其是戏剧中的致命转折点,情节的收尾),来自拉丁文 catastropha ,源于希腊文 katastrophe "翻转;突然结束",来自 katastrephein "翻转,翻倒,践踏;结束",来自 kata "翻倒"(见 cata- )+ strephein "翻转"(来自PIE词根 *streb(h)- "缠绕,转折")。延伸到"突发灾难"最早记载于1748年。

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Definitions of catastrophe from WordNet

catastrophe (n.)
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune;
catastrophe (n.)
a state of extreme (usually irremediable) ruin and misfortune;
lack of funds has resulted in a catastrophe for our school system
Synonyms: disaster
catastrophe (n.)
a sudden violent change in the earth's surface;
Synonyms: cataclysm
From wordnet.princeton.edu