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cast (v.)

13世纪,"扔,猛烈地扔,甩,扔",来自斯堪的纳维亚语源,类似于古北欧语 kasta "扔"(与瑞典语 kasta ,丹麦语 kaste ,北弗里斯兰语 kastin ),起源不明。意思是"形成在一个模子里"是15世纪晚期,在"投掷"的意义上,它取代了古英语 weorpan (见 warp (v.)),而它本身在很大程度上已经被现在的 throw 所取代,尽管 cast 仍然被用来表示钓鱼线(17世纪)和目光(13世纪)。

14世纪起作"发出,发出;"也作"扔到地上;"也作"脱落或扔掉;"也作"计算,通过计算找到;绘制(路线)"。从14世纪晚期起作"计算星象"。从15世纪末起,作"流产或早产"。从1711年起作"在演员中分配(戏剧)角色"。从1840年的票数中,美国英语。对 cast up 是从1530年代作为"计算,计算",15世纪末作为"喷射,呕吐"。

cast (n.)

13世纪中叶,"投掷,投掷的行为",出自 cast (v.)。早期特别用于骰子,因此形象地用于与幸运或命运有关。意为"投掷的东西",出自15世纪中叶 意为"颜色的斑驳或阴影",出自17世纪 。

"一掷"的意义带有"事物被抛出后的形态"的概念,这就导致了广泛而多样的含义,如"一群演员在演戏"(1630年代)。OED发现42个不同的名词意义和83个动词意义,还有许多子定义。许多形象化的意义汇聚在一个一般意义上"排序、种类、风格"(17世纪中期)。意思是"通过对物体的印象而制作的模型"是16世纪的。一个 cast ,在眼睛"轻微的斜视"(14世纪初)保留了旧的动词意义上的"经,转,"通过"永久运动或转"的概念。到1883年,作为"在受伤或患病部位周围塑造的石膏"。

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Definitions of cast from WordNet
1
cast (v.)
put or send forth;
cast a warm light
cast a spell
Synonyms: project / contrive / throw
cast (v.)
deposit;
cast a ballot
cast a vote
cast (v.)
select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet;
He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona
cast (v.)
throw forcefully;
Synonyms: hurl / hurtle
cast (v.)
assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors;
Who cast this beautiful movie?
cast (v.)
move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;
Synonyms: roll / wander / swan / stray / tramp / roam / ramble / rove / range / drift / vagabond
cast (v.)
form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold;
cast a bronze sculpture
Synonyms: mold / mould
cast (v.)
get rid of;
Synonyms: shed / cast off / shake off / throw / throw off / throw away / drop
cast (v.)
choose at random;
cast lots
Synonyms: draw
cast (v.)
formulate in a particular style or language;
She cast her request in very polite language
Synonyms: frame / redact / put / couch
cast (v.)
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth;
Synonyms: vomit / vomit up / purge / sick / cat / be sick / disgorge / regorge / retch / puke / barf / spew / spue / chuck / upchuck / honk / regurgitate / throw up
2
cast (n.)
the actors in a play;
Synonyms: cast of characters / dramatis personae
cast (n.)
container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens;
Synonyms: mold / mould
cast (n.)
the distinctive form in which a thing is made;
pottery of this cast was found throughout the region
Synonyms: mold / mould / stamp
cast (n.)
the visual appearance of something or someone;
the delicate cast of his features
Synonyms: form / shape
cast (n.)
bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal;
Synonyms: plaster cast / plaster bandage
cast (n.)
object formed by a mold;
Synonyms: casting
cast (n.)
the act of throwing dice;
Synonyms: roll
cast (n.)
the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel;
Synonyms: casting
cast (n.)
a violent throw;
Synonyms: hurl
From wordnet.princeton.edu