Etymology
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cast (v.)

13世纪, “扔, 猛烈地扔, 甩, 扔”, 来自斯堪的纳维亚语源, 类似于古北欧语 kasta “扔” (与瑞典语 kasta, 丹麦语 kaste, 北弗里斯兰语 kastin), 起源不明. 意思是“形成在一个模子里” 是15世纪晚期, 在“投掷” 的意义上, 它取代了古英语 weorpan (见 warp (v.) ), 而它本身在很大程度上已经被现在的 throw 所取代, 尽管 cast 仍然被用来表示钓鱼线(17世纪) 和目光(13世纪).

14世纪起作“发出, 发出;” 也作“扔到地上;” 也作“脱落或扔掉;” 也作“计算, 通过计算找到; 绘制(路线)”. 从14世纪晚期起作“计算星象”. 从15世纪末起, 作“流产或早产”. 从1711年起作“在演员中分配(戏剧) 角色”. 从1840年的票数中, 美国英语. 对 cast up 是从1530年代作为“计算, 计算”, 15世纪末作为“喷射, 呕吐”.

cast (n.)

13世纪中叶, “投掷, 投掷的行为”, 出自 cast (v.). 早期特别用于骰子, 因此形象地用于与幸运或命运有关. 意为“投掷的东西”, 出自15世纪中叶 意为“颜色的斑驳或阴影”, 出自17世纪.

“一掷” 的意义带有“事物被抛出后的形态” 的概念, 这就导致了广泛而多样的含义, 如“一群演员在演戏” (1630年代). OED发现42个不同的名词意义和83个动词意义, 还有许多子定义. 许多形象化的意义汇聚在一个一般意义上“排序, 种类, 风格” (17世纪中期). 意思是“通过对物体的印象而制作的模型” 是16世纪的. 一个 cast, 在眼睛“轻微的斜视” (14世纪初) 保留了旧的动词意义上的“经, 转,” 通过“永久运动或转” 的概念. 到1883年, 作为“在受伤或患病部位周围塑造的石膏”.

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Definitions of cast
1
cast (v.)
put or send forth;
cast a warm light
cast a spell
Synonyms: project / contrive / throw
cast (v.)
deposit;
cast a ballot
cast a vote
cast (v.)
select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet;
He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona
cast (v.)
throw forcefully;
Synonyms: hurl / hurtle
cast (v.)
assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors;
Who cast this beautiful movie?
cast (v.)
move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment;
Synonyms: roll / wander / swan / stray / tramp / roam / ramble / rove / range / drift / vagabond
cast (v.)
form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold;
cast a bronze sculpture
Synonyms: mold / mould
cast (v.)
get rid of;
Synonyms: shed / cast off / shake off / throw / throw off / throw away / drop
cast (v.)
choose at random;
cast lots
Synonyms: draw
cast (v.)
formulate in a particular style or language;
She cast her request in very polite language
Synonyms: frame / redact / put / couch
cast (v.)
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth;
Synonyms: vomit / vomit up / purge / sick / cat / be sick / disgorge / regorge / retch / puke / barf / spew / spue / chuck / upchuck / honk / regurgitate / throw up
2
cast (n.)
the actors in a play;
Synonyms: cast of characters / dramatis personae
cast (n.)
container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens;
Synonyms: mold / mould
cast (n.)
the distinctive form in which a thing is made;
pottery of this cast was found throughout the region
Synonyms: mold / mould / stamp
cast (n.)
the visual appearance of something or someone;
the delicate cast of his features
Synonyms: form / shape
cast (n.)
bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal;
Synonyms: plaster cast / plaster bandage
cast (n.)
object formed by a mold;
Synonyms: casting
cast (n.)
the act of throwing dice;
Synonyms: roll
cast (n.)
the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel;
Synonyms: casting
cast (n.)
a violent throw;
Synonyms: hurl
From wordnet.princeton.edu