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case (n.1)

13世纪初,"降临的东西;事态",来自古法语 cas "事件、发生、情况、争吵、审判",来自拉丁语 casus "机会、场合、机遇;事故、不幸",字面意思是"坠落",来自 cas- ,过去分词干 cadere "坠落、沉沦、安顿、衰落、灭亡"(广泛用于:天体的设置、特洛伊的陷落、自杀),来自PIE根 *kad- "坠落"。

概念是把"落下的"当作"发生的"(比较 befall )。从其一般性质来看,该词具有广泛的扩展和转移的意义。意为"实例、榜样"从14世纪 。意思是"实际的状态"是从15世纪开始的。在法律上,"诉讼的实例"(14世纪末);在医学上,"疾病的实例"(14世纪末)。

语法意义上,"构成名词转折的形式之一"(14世纪末)也是在拉丁语中,翻译希腊文 ptōsis "declension",字面意思是"下降"。"一个名词用名词单数......,或一个动词用现在的指示性。

被认为是站直的。那么它 falls ,或 is bent ,或

declines ,进入各种阵地"[吉尔伯特-默里,《希腊研究》]。

美国俚语,意为"人"(尤其是在任何方面都很奇特或了不起的人),是1848年的。意为"需要警方调查的事件或一系列事件"的是1838年的。 In case "在事件中"是从14世纪中叶开始记载的。 Case-history 是来自1879年,原为医学。 case-study "特定案件的研究"来自1879年,原为法律。 case-law "由以前的法庭案件解决的法律"是1861年的。

case (n.2)

"容器,盒子,包围或包含的东西",14世纪初,来自英法和古北法语 casse (古法语 chasse "箱子,遗物箱;"现代法语 châsse ),来自拉丁语 capsa "盒子,贮藏室"(特别是用于书籍),来自 capere "拿,拿住"(来自PIE根 *kap- "抓住")。

意为"外层保护罩",来自14世纪末 也从1660年代开始使用,有"框"的意义(如 staircasecasement )。炮制意义是从1660年代开始的,从 case-shot "放在箱子里的小弹丸"(1620年代)。它在印刷业中的应用(最早记录于1580年代)是指两个浅浅的木质托盘,作曲家将其字体放在隔间里,以便于取用,这导致了"小弹丸"的出现。 upper-case 用于大写字母(1862年),因其在作曲家的斜面工作台上的位置较高而得名,以及 lower-case 为小字。

The cases, or receptacles, for the type, which are always in pairs, and termed the 'upper' and the 'lower,' are formed of two oblong wooden frames, divided into compartments or boxes of different dimensions, the upper case containing ninety-eight and the lower fifty-four. In the upper case are placed the capital, small capital, and accented letters, also figures, signs for reference to notes &c.; in the lower case the ordinary running letter, points for punctuation, spaces for separating the words, and quadrats for filling up the short lines. [The Literary Gazette, Jan. 29, 1859]

case (v.)

"围在箱子里",1570年代,来自 case (n.2)。相关: Cased ; casing

意为"检查、视察"(通常是在抢劫之前),来自1915年,美国英语俚语,也许是来自给一个地方四面看的概念。比较技术 case (v.)"用不同的材料覆盖建筑物的外面"(1707年),来自 case (n.)"建筑物的外部部分"(1670年代)。

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Definitions of case from WordNet
1
case (n.)
an occurrence of something;
it was a case of bad judgment
Synonyms: instance / example
case (n.)
a special set of circumstances;
it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled
Synonyms: event
case (n.)
a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy;
Synonyms: lawsuit / suit / cause / causa
case (n.)
the actual state of things;
that was not the case
case (n.)
a portable container for carrying several objects;
the musicians left their instrument cases backstage
case (n.)
a person requiring professional services;
a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor
case (n.)
a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation;
the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities
Synonyms: subject / guinea pig
case (n.)
a problem requiring investigation;
Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir
case (n.)
a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument;
he stated his case clearly
case (n.)
the quantity contained in a case;
Synonyms: caseful
case (n.)
nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence;
Synonyms: grammatical case
case (n.)
a specific state of mind that is temporary;
a case of the jitters
case (n.)
a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities);
a mental case
Synonyms: character / eccentric / type
case (n.)
a specific size and style of type within a type family;
Synonyms: font / fount / typeface / face
case (n.)
an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part;
Synonyms: sheath
case (n.)
the housing or outer covering of something;
the clock has a walnut case
Synonyms: shell / casing
case (n.)
the enclosing frame around a door or window opening;
Synonyms: casing
case (n.)
(printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers;
for English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters
Synonyms: compositor's case / typesetter's case
case (n.)
bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow;
Synonyms: pillowcase / slip / pillow slip
case (n.)
a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home;
Synonyms: display case / showcase / vitrine
2
case (v.)
look over, usually with the intention to rob;
They men cased the housed
case (v.)
enclose in, or as if in, a case;
Synonyms: encase / incase
From wordnet.princeton.edu