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care (n.)

古英语 carucearu "忧伤、焦虑、悲痛",也是"心灵的负担;严重的精神关注",在古英语晚期也是"忧虑、焦虑引起的对邪恶的忧虑或许多负担的重量",来自于原日耳曼语 *karō "哀叹;悲痛、关怀"(来源也是古撒克逊语 kara "忧伤;"古高德语 chara "哀号、哀叹;"哥特语 kara "忧伤、烦恼、关怀;"德语 Karfreitag "耶稣受难日;"见 care (v.))。

意为"负责、监督、关注或注意,以期安全或保护",从15世纪就有证据;这是在 care of ,在地址(1840)的意义。意思是"关注的对象或事项"来自1580年代。对 take care of "拿在手里,做"是1580年代的; take care "小心"也是1580年代的。

The primary sense is that of inward grief, and the word is not connected, either in sense or form, with L. cura , care, of which the primary sense is pains or trouble bestowed upon something. [Century Dictionary]

care (v.)

古英语 cariancearian "焦急或索求;悲伤;感到关心或兴趣",来自于原日耳曼语 *karo- "哀叹",因此是"悲伤、关心"(来源也是古撒克逊语 karon "哀叹、关心、悲伤、抱怨",古高德语 charon "抱怨、哀叹",哥特语 karon "焦急"),据说来自于PIE语根 *gar- "呼喊、呼唤、尖叫"(来源也是爱尔兰语 gairm "呼喊、哭泣、呼唤;"见 garrulous )。

如果是这样,那么史前意义的发展就是从"哭"到"哀叹"再到"悲痛"。相关的荷兰语 karig "scanty,frugal",德语 karg "吝啬,scanty",则代表了不同的意义演变。认为它与拉丁文 cura 。正面意义,如"有倾向性"(1550年代);"有喜爱"(1520年代)似乎是后来发展起来的,是早期负面意义的镜像。

not care 作为消极的否定词被证明是从13世纪中叶开始的,短语 couldn't care less 是1946年的; could care less 在同样的意义上(有一个明白的否定词)是1955年的。 Care 也从1580年代开始在许多"冷漠的同义词"中出现,形式为 don't care a _____ ,空白处由 figpinbuttoncentstrawrushpointfarthingsnap ,等等,等等。相关链接: Cared ; caring .

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Definitions of care from WordNet
1
care (n.)
the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something;
no medical care was required
Synonyms: attention / aid / tending
care (n.)
judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger;
he handled the vase with care
care (n.)
an anxious feeling;
care had aged him
Synonyms: concern / fear
care (n.)
a cause for feeling concern;
his major care was the illness of his wife
care (n.)
attention and management implying responsibility for safety;
he is in the care of a bodyguard
care (n.)
activity involved in maintaining something in good working order;
he wrote the manual on car care
Synonyms: maintenance / upkeep
2
care (v.)
feel concern or interest;
I don't care
I really care about my work
care (v.)
provide care for;
Synonyms: give care
care (v.)
prefer or wish to do something;
Do you care to try this dish?
Synonyms: wish / like
care (v.)
be in charge of, act on, or dispose of;
Synonyms: manage / deal / handle
care (v.)
be concerned with;
Synonyms: worry
From wordnet.princeton.edu