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canon (n.1)

"规则或法律",古英语 canon "教会的规则、法律或法令",来自古法语 canon ,或直接来自晚期拉丁语 canon "教会法,教会权威颁布的规则或教义",在古典拉丁语中,"测量线、规则",来自希腊语 kanon "任何直杆或杆子;规则;卓越的标准",也许来自 kanna "芦苇"(见 cane (n.

拉丁语在教会使用中被取为"教会的法令"。一般意义上的"规则或原则"是14世纪末的;"判断的标准"是17世纪的 。从15世纪作为"圣经,基督教会接受的圣经书籍,"也扩展到世俗书籍的公认优秀或至上。意思是"公认的圣人目录"是从1727年开始的。音乐意义上的"一种赋格的创作"来自1590年代。相关内容: Canonicity .

The secular canon, with the word meaning a catalog of approved authors, does not actually begin until the middle of the eighteenth century .... [Harold Bloom, "The Western Canon," 1994].

canon (n.2)

"按照规则生活的神职人员",13世纪(12世纪末为姓氏),来自英法 canun ,来自旧北法 canonie (现代法语 chanoine ),来自教会拉丁语 canonicus "按照规则生活的神职人员",拉丁语形容词 canonicus "按照规则"的名词用法(在教会使用中,"与教会的规则或机构有关的规范"),来自希腊语 kanonikos ,来自 kanon "规则"(见 canon (n.1))。

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Definitions of canon from WordNet

canon (n.)
a rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field of art or philosophy;
the neoclassical canon
canons of polite society
canon (n.)
a priest who is a member of a cathedral chapter;
canon (n.)
a ravine formed by a river in an area with little rainfall;
Synonyms: canyon
canon (n.)
a contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part is imitated exactly in other parts;
canon (n.)
a complete list of saints that have been recognized by the Roman Catholic Church;
canon (n.)
a collection of books accepted as holy scripture especially the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired;
From wordnet.princeton.edu