business (n.)

古英语 bisignes (诺桑比亚语) “关心, 焦虑, 占领”, 来自 bisig “小心, 焦虑, 忙碌, 占领, 勤奋” (见 busy (adj.) ). + -ness. 原义已经过时, 中英文的“状态多被占用或从事” (14世纪中叶) 也是如此, 后者被 busyness. 约翰逊的词典中也有 busiless “在闲暇时; 没有生意; 失业”. 现代双音节发音为17世纪

“一个人的工作, 职业, 一个人为了生计而做的事” 的意义最早记载于14世纪晚期(在古英语晚期 bisig (adj.) 作为名词出现, 意义为“职业, 就业状态” ). “that which is undertaken as a duty” 的意义来自14世纪末. “what one is about at the moment” 的意义来自1590年代. “贸易, 商业约定, 商业追求集体” 的意义最早见于1727年, 是关于“占据一个人的时间和注意力的事务” 的概念. 在17世纪 business, 也可以指“性行为”.

Business card 最早见于1840年. business letter 从1766年开始. Business end “the practical or effective part” (某事的实际或有效部分) 是美国英语, 到1874年. 词组 business as usual 从1865年开始证明. 至 mean business “意在必行” 出自1856年. 要 mind (one's) own business “事不关己, 高高挂起” 是1620年代的说法.

updated on December 05, 2018

Definitions of business from WordNet

business (n.)
the volume of commercial activity;
show me where the business was today
business is good today
business (n.)
a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it;
a racially integrated business concern
he bought his brother's business
a small mom-and-pop business
Synonyms: concern / business concern / business organization / business organisation
business (n.)
the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects;
computers are now widely used in business
Synonyms: commercial enterprise / business enterprise
business (n.)
the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money;
he's not in my line of business
Synonyms: occupation / job / line of work / line
business (n.)
a rightful concern or responsibility;
mind your own business
it's none of your business
business (n.)
an immediate objective;
gossip was the main business of the evening
business (n.)
business concerns collectively;
Government and business could not agree
Synonyms: business sector
business (n.)
customers collectively;
Synonyms: clientele / patronage
business (n.)
incidental activity performed by an actor for dramatic effect;
his business with the cane was hilarious
Synonyms: stage business / byplay
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