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bull (n.1)

"牛类动物的雄性",13世纪, bule ,来自古北欧语 boli "公牛,家养牛的雄性",或许也来自古英语 *bula ,既来自原日耳曼语 *bullon- (来源也是中荷兰语 bulle ,荷兰语 bul ,德语 Bulle ),或许来自日耳曼语动词干,意为"吼叫",在一些德语方言中尚存,或许在 boulder (q.v.)的第一个元素中。另一种可能性[Watkins]是,日耳曼词来自PIE词根 *bhel- (2)"吹,膨胀"。

未阉割的雄性动物,为繁殖而饲养,与 bullocksteer 。1610年代后扩展到其他大型动物(大象、鳄鱼、鲸鱼等)的雄性。股市意义上的"谋求引起股票价格上涨的人"出自1714年(比较 bear (n.))。1859年考证的"警察"含义。 Bull-necked 是来自1640年代。形象用语 take the bull by the horns "勇敢地面对或应对某种危险或困难"最早记录于1711年(斯威夫特)。要成为一个 bull in a china shop ,比喻不小心和不适当地使用武力的破坏性,从1812年开始考证,是19世纪20年代英国一首流行的幽默歌曲的标题。

bull (n.2)

"教皇诏书,由教皇发布或以教皇名义发布的最高权威性文件",14世纪 ,来源于中世纪拉丁文 bulla "密封文件"(来源古法语 bulle ,意大利语 bulla ),原为印章本身的意思,来源于拉丁文 bulla "圆肿,旋钮"。"据说最终来自高卢语,来自PIE *beu- ,一个根应该形成了一大群词,意思是"很多、很大、很多",也是与肿胀、肿块和水泡有关的词(来源也是立陶宛语 bulė "臀部",中荷兰语 puyl "袋子",也可能是拉丁语 bucca "脸颊")。

bull (v.)

"大致推过",1884年,来自 bull (n.1)。相关链接: Bulled ; bulling

bull (n.3)

"不真诚的、琐碎的或欺骗性的谈话",1914年。流行与大致当代 bullshit (n.)有相同的意义,在现代使用中常被感觉是它的缩写形式。似乎有一个相同的中英语词,意思是"假话、欺诈",显然来自古法语 bole "欺骗、诡计、诡计、阴谋",也许与现代冰岛语 bull "胡说八道"有关。

Sais christ to ypocrites ... yee ar ... al ful wit wickednes, tresun, and bull. ["Cursor Mundi," Northumbrian, early 14 Century]

还有一个早期的现代英语动词 bull ,意思是"嘲弄、欺骗",其历史可追溯到1530年代。 Bull session 的考证是1920年。

与意为"语言上的严重不一致,涉及术语矛盾的可笑的失误"(1630年代)的 bull ,也有不确定的联系,英国人说这是爱尔兰人的特点,因此常被称为 Irish bull 。悉尼-史密斯将其定义为"突然发现的一种表面上的一致性,和真实的不一致的想法"。三例归功于博伊尔-罗什爵士:"我们为什么要为后人做任何事情,因为,后人以善良的名义,为我们做了什么?"..."议长先生,为了保存剩余的部分,不仅要放弃一部分,必要时甚至要放弃我们宪法的全部,这肯定会更好。"..."避免危险的最好办法就是迎难而上"

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Definitions of bull from WordNet
1
bull (n.)
uncastrated adult male of domestic cattle;
bull (n.)
a large and strong and heavyset man;
he was a bull of a man
Synonyms: bruiser / strapper / Samson
bull (n.)
obscene words for unacceptable behavior;
what he said was mostly bull
Synonyms: bullshit / Irish bull / horseshit / shit / crap / dogshit
bull (n.)
a serious and ludicrous blunder;
he made a bad bull of the assignment
bull (n.)
uncomplimentary terms for a policeman;
Synonyms: cop / copper / fuzz / pig
bull (n.)
an investor with an optimistic market outlook; an investor who expects prices to rise and so buys now for resale later;
bull (n.)
the center of a target;
Synonyms: bull's eye
bull (n.)
a formal proclamation issued by the pope (usually written in antiquated characters and sealed with a leaden bulla);
Synonyms: papal bull
bull (n.)
mature male of various mammals of which the female is called `cow'; e.g. whales or elephants or especially cattle;
2
bull (v.)
push or force;
He bulled through his demands
Synonyms: bull through
bull (v.)
try to raise the price of stocks through speculative buying;
bull (v.)
speak insincerely or without regard for facts or truths;
Synonyms: talk through one's hat / bullshit / fake
bull (v.)
advance in price;
stocks were bulling
3
Bull (n.)
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Taurus;
Synonyms: Taurus
Bull (n.)
the second sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about April 20 to May 20;
Synonyms: Taurus / Taurus the Bull
From wordnet.princeton.edu