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brave (adj.)

"表现出勇气或勇敢的忍耐力",15世纪末,来自法语 brave ,"灿烂、英勇",来自意大利语 bravo "勇敢、大胆",原为"野性、野蛮",词源不明。可能来自中世纪拉丁文 bravus "cutthroat, villain",来自拉丁文 pravus "crooked, depraved";一个不太可能的词源是来自拉丁文 barbarus (见 barbarous )。凯尔特语的起源(爱尔兰语 breagh ,康沃尔语 bray )也被认为,可能是两个或更多单词的混淆。相关链接: Bravely

古英语中的这个词,有些带有"轻率"的意味,包括 modig (现在的"情绪化")、 beald ("大胆")、 cene ("敏锐")、 dyrstig ("大胆")。 Brave new world 是来自奥尔德斯-赫胥黎1932年的讽刺乌托邦小说的标题;他从莎士比亚那里摘取了这个短语("暴风雨"v.i.183)。

brave (v.)

"勇敢面对",1761年,来自法语 braver ,来自 brave "英勇"(见 brave (副词))。相关链接: Braved ; braving

brave (n.)

"北美印第安人战士",1827年,来自 brave (adj.)。更早的"霸王、恶霸"(1590年代);"勇敢、大胆或有胆量的人"(17世纪)。比较 bravadobravo

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Definitions of brave from WordNet
1
brave (adj.)
brightly colored and showy;
brave banners flying
girls decked out in brave new dresses
Synonyms: braw / gay
brave (adj.)
possessing or displaying courage; able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching; "Familiarity with danger makes a brave man braver but less daring"- Herman Melville; "a frank courageous heart...triumphed over pain"- William Wordsworth;
Synonyms: courageous
brave (adj.)
invulnerable to fear or intimidation;
Synonyms: audacious / dauntless / fearless / hardy / intrepid / unfearing
2
brave (n.)
a North American Indian warrior;
brave (n.)
people who are brave;
the home of the free and the brave
3
brave (v.)
face and withstand with courage;
She braved the elements
Synonyms: weather / endure / brave out
From wordnet.princeton.edu