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brave (adj.)

“表现出勇气或勇敢的忍耐力”, 15世纪末, 来自法语 brave, “灿烂, 英勇”, 来自意大利语 bravo “勇敢, 大胆”, 原为“野性, 野蛮”, 词源不明. 可能来自中世纪拉丁文 bravus “cutthroat, villain”, 来自拉丁文 pravus “crooked, depraved”; 一个不太可能的词源是来自拉丁文 barbarus (见 barbarous). 凯尔特语的起源(爱尔兰语 breagh, 康沃尔语 bray) 也被认为, 可能是两个或更多单词的混淆. 相关链接: Bravely.

古英语中的这个词, 有些带有“轻率” 的意味, 包括 modig (现在的“情绪化” ), beald (“大胆” ), cene (“敏锐” ), dyrstig (“大胆” ). Brave new world 是来自奥尔德斯-赫胥黎1932年的讽刺乌托邦小说的标题; 他从莎士比亚那里摘取了这个短语(“暴风雨” v. i. 183).

brave (v.)

“勇敢面对”, 1761年, 来自法语 braver, 来自 brave “英勇” (见 brave (副词) ). 相关链接: Braved; braving.

brave (n.)

“北美印第安人战士”, 1827年, 来自 brave (adj.). 更早的“霸王, 恶霸” (1590年代); “勇敢, 大胆或有胆量的人” (17世纪). 比较 bravado, bravo.

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Definitions of brave from WordNet
1
brave (adj.)
brightly colored and showy;
brave banners flying
girls decked out in brave new dresses
Synonyms: braw / gay
brave (adj.)
possessing or displaying courage; able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching; "Familiarity with danger makes a brave man braver but less daring"- Herman Melville; "a frank courageous heart...triumphed over pain"- William Wordsworth;
Synonyms: courageous
brave (adj.)
invulnerable to fear or intimidation;
Synonyms: audacious / dauntless / fearless / hardy / intrepid / unfearing
2
brave (n.)
a North American Indian warrior;
brave (n.)
people who are brave;
the home of the free and the brave
3
brave (v.)
face and withstand with courage;
She braved the elements
Synonyms: weather / endure / brave out
From wordnet.princeton.edu