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book (n.)

古英语 boc "书,书写,书面文件",一般指(尽管语音上有困难)原日耳曼语 *bōk(ō)- ,来自 *bokiz "山毛榉"(德语 Buch "书" Buche "山毛榉"的来源也是如此;见 beech ),这个概念是指山毛榉木板,上面刻有符文;但也可能来自树本身(人们仍在上面刻首字母)。

拉丁文和梵文也有以树名为基础的"文字"(分别是"桦树"和"白蜡")。而比较法语 livre "书",来自拉丁语 librum ,原为"树的内皮"(见 library )。古英语单词的原意是指任何书面文件。到了早期的中英语,这个词的含义逐渐缩小到"涵盖许多页的固定在一起并装订成册的书面作品",也指任何形式的"文学作品",无论有多少卷。后来也有"装订成册的书页",无论是否写在上面。在19世纪,它也可以指"一本杂志";在20世纪,它可以指电话簿。

从13世纪作为"一部大作品的主要分节"。意为"歌剧的剧本"是从1768年开始的。一个博彩 book "投注的记录"是从1812年开始的。意思是"刑事指控的总和"是从1926年开始的,所以是俚语。 throw the book at (1932). Book of Life "被选为永生者的名册"是14世纪中叶的。 Book of the month 是1926年的。要做的事 by the book "照本宣科"出自1590年代。

The use of books or written charters was introduced in Anglo-Saxon times by the ecclesiastics, as affording more permanent and satisfactory evidence of a grant or conveyance of land than the symbolical or actual delivery of possession before witnesses, which was the method then in vogue. [Century Dictionary]

Origin and meaning of book

book (v.)

古英语 bocian "以特许权授予或转让",出自 book (n.)。意为"入册、记录",13世纪初意为"为座位或地方登记名字;发行(铁路)车票",出自1841年;"聘请表演者为客人",出自1872年。美国学生俚语意为"匆匆出发,走得快",到1977年,意义不明。相关链接: Booked ; booking .

Origin and meaning of book

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Definitions of book from WordNet
1
book (n.)
a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together);
I am reading a good book on economics
book (n.)
physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together;
he used a large book as a doorstop
Synonyms: volume
book (n.)
a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone;
his name is in all the record books
Synonyms: record / record book
book (n.)
a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance;
Synonyms: script / playscript
book (n.)
a record in which commercial accounts are recorded;
they got a subpoena to examine our books
Synonyms: ledger / leger / account book / book of account
book (n.)
a collection of playing cards satisfying the rules of a card game;
book (n.)
a collection of rules or prescribed standards on the basis of which decisions are made;
they run things by the book around here
Synonyms: rule book
book (n.)
a major division of a long written composition;
the book of Isaiah
book (n.)
a number of sheets (ticket or stamps etc.) bound together on one edge;
he bought a book of stamps
2
book (v.)
engage for a performance;
Her agent had booked her for several concerts in Tokyo
book (v.)
arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance;
The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family
Synonyms: reserve / hold
book (v.)
record a charge in a police register;
The policeman booked her when she tried to solicit a man
book (v.)
register in a hotel booker;
3
Book (n.)
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina;
Synonyms: Koran / Quran / al-Qur'an
Book (n.)
the sacred writings of the Christian religions;
Synonyms: Bible / Christian Bible / Good Book / Holy Scripture / Holy Writ / Scripture / Word of God / Word
From wordnet.princeton.edu