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body (n.)

古英语 bodig "人或兽的躯干,人或动物的身体结构;人的物质框架,人的物质存在;任何事物的主要或主要部分",与古高德语 botah ,但其他方面的来源不明。日耳曼语其他地方没有,这个词在德语中已经消亡(被 Leib ,原为"生命", Körper ,来自拉丁语),"但在英语中 body ,仍然是一个伟大而重要的词"[OED]。

延伸到"一个人,一个人"是从14世纪开始的。意味着任何事物的"主要部分"是在古英语晚期,因此它用于指代车辆(1520年代)。从1580年代作为"覆盖身体的衣服的一部分"。从1590年代起作为"一个群体的主要部分,任何数量的个人统称。"从1660年代起作为"文件的主要部分"。对比一下 soul 至少从13世纪中叶开始意思是"尸体"("死体")是从13世纪开始的 。在中古英语中普遍转移到物质上(如 heavenly body ,14世纪末)。

Body politic "民族,国家,生活在一个有组织的政府下的人的整个身体"最早记录在15世纪末,与法语词序。 Body image 是1934年创造的。 Body count "敌军战死或其他方式死亡的人数"出自1968年,出自越南战争。 Body language 是1967年考证的,可能来自法语 langage corporel (1966)。 Body-snatcher "将刚死去的尸体秘密解剖的人"出自1834年。短语 over my dead body 到1833年证明。

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Definitions of body from WordNet
1
body (n.)
the entire physical structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being);
he felt as if his whole body were on fire
Synonyms: organic structure
body (n.)
a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;
the student body
administrative body
the whole body filed out of the auditorium
body (n.)
a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;
they found the body in the lake
Synonyms: dead body
body (n.)
an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects;
heavenly body
body (n.)
the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;
Synonyms: torso / trunk
body (n.)
a collection of particulars considered as a system;
a body of law
a body of doctrine
a body of precedents
body (n.)
the property of holding together and retaining its shape;
wool has more body than rayon
body (n.)
the central message of a communication;
the body of the message was short
body (n.)
the main mass of a thing;
body (n.)
a resonating chamber in a musical instrument (as the body of a violin);
Synonyms: soundbox
body (n.)
the external structure of a vehicle;
the body of the car was badly rusted
2
body (v.)
invest with or as with a body; give body to;
Synonyms: personify
From wordnet.princeton.edu