body (n.)

古英语 bodig “人或兽的躯干, 人或动物的身体结构; 人的物质框架, 人的物质存在; 任何事物的主要或主要部分”, 与古高德语 botah, 但其他方面的来源不明. 日耳曼语其他地方没有, 这个词在德语中已经消亡(被 Leib, 原为“生命”, Körper, 来自拉丁语), “但在英语中 body, 仍然是一个伟大而重要的词” [OED].

延伸到“一个人, 一个人” 是从14世纪开始的. 意味着任何事物的“主要部分” 是在古英语晚期, 因此它用于指代车辆(1520年代). 从1580年代作为“覆盖身体的衣服的一部分”. 从1590年代起作为“一个群体的主要部分, 任何数量的个人统称.” 从1660年代起作为“文件的主要部分”. 对比一下 soul 至少从13世纪中叶开始意思是“尸体” (“死体” )是从13世纪开始的. 在中古英语中普遍转移到物质上(如 heavenly body, 14世纪末).

Body politic “民族, 国家, 生活在一个有组织的政府下的人的整个身体” 最早记录在15世纪末, 与法语词序. Body image 是1934年创造的. Body count “敌军战死或其他方式死亡的人数” 出自1968年, 出自越南战争. Body language 是1967年考证的, 可能来自法语 langage corporel (1966). Body-snatcher “将刚死去的尸体秘密解剖的人” 出自1834年. 短语 over my dead body 到1833年证明.

Definitions of body
body (n.)
the entire physical structure of an organism (an animal, plant, or human being);
he felt as if his whole body were on fire
Synonyms: organic structure
body (n.)
a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;
the student body
administrative body
the whole body filed out of the auditorium
body (n.)
a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;
they found the body in the lake
Synonyms: dead body
body (n.)
an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects;
heavenly body
body (n.)
the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;
Synonyms: torso / trunk
body (n.)
a collection of particulars considered as a system;
a body of law
a body of doctrine
a body of precedents
body (n.)
the property of holding together and retaining its shape;
wool has more body than rayon
body (n.)
the central message of a communication;
the body of the message was short
body (n.)
the main mass of a thing;
body (n.)
a resonating chamber in a musical instrument (as the body of a violin);
Synonyms: soundbox
body (n.)
the external structure of a vehicle;
the body of the car was badly rusted
body (v.)
invest with or as with a body; give body to;
Synonyms: personify