Advertisement

bitch (n.)

古英语 bicce "母狗",可能来自古北欧语 bikkjuna "狗的雌性"(也有狐狸、狼,偶尔还有其他野兽),来源不明。格林将古北欧语从Lapp pittja ,但OED指出,"反过来也同样可能"。作为适用于女性的蔑称,可追溯到15世纪;对男人的蔑称,16世纪 ,戏称为"狗"。从20世纪30年代开始在男性同性恋者中使用。在现代(20世纪90年代,原为非裔美国人的白话)的俚语中,它的使用与指代男人是性蔑视,来自"女人"的侮辱。

BITCH. A she dog, or doggess; the most offensive appellation that can be given to an English woman, even more provoking than that of whore. ["Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1811]

Bitch goddess 1906年由威廉-詹姆斯创造,原为 success

bitch (v.)

"抱怨",至少从1930年开始考证,也许是从 bitchy ,也许是受1823年记载的动词"弄巧成拙,糟蹋"意思的影响。但这个意义上的 bitched ,似乎呼应了中古英语 bicched "诅咒、坏的",是一个一般的反语(如乔叟的 bicched bones "倒霉的骰子"),尽管OED犹豫不决,但它似乎是 bitch (n.)的衍生物。

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of bitch from WordNet
1
bitch (n.)
an unpleasant difficulty;
this problem is a real bitch
bitch (n.)
a person (usually but not necessarily a woman) who is thoroughly disliked;
she said her son thought Hillary was a bitch
Synonyms: cunt
bitch (n.)
informal terms for objecting;
Synonyms: gripe / kick / beef / squawk
bitch (n.)
female of any member of the dog family;
2
bitch (v.)
complain;
Synonyms: gripe / grouse / crab / beef / squawk / bellyache / holler
bitch (v.)
say mean things;
Synonyms: backbite
From wordnet.princeton.edu