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biology (n.)

“生命和生物的科学”, 1819年, 来自希腊文 bios “生命, 一个人的生命, 一生” (来自PIE词根 *gwei- “活着;” 见 bio-) + -logy “研究”. 1802年由德国自然学家戈特弗里德-莱因霍尔德-特雷维拉努斯提出, 同年由拉马克在法语中作为科学术语引入, 他们似乎是独立打出这个词的.

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Definitions of biology from WordNet

biology (n.)
the science that studies living organisms;
Synonyms: biological science
biology (n.)
characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms;
the biology of viruses
biology (n.)
all the plant and animal life of a particular region;
Synonyms: biota
From wordnet.princeton.edu