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bar (n.1)

12世纪末, “用来固定门或大门的木桩或铁杆”, 来自古法语 barre “梁, 栏, 门, 屏障” (12世纪), 来自古拉丁语 *barra “栏, 屏障”, 有人认为来自高卢语 *barros “灌木丛的末端” [Gamillscheg等], 但OED认为这是“不可信的”, 因为它“绝不符合意义”.

一般意义上的“任何阻碍, 障碍或妨碍” 是从1530年代开始的. 肥皂的, 到1833年; 糖果的, 到1906年(工艺本身可追溯到19世纪40年代), 都是由形状相似而来. 意为“横跨港口或河口的沙岸”, 来自1580年代, 可能因为它是航行的障碍, 所以叫它. Bar graph 是1925年开始考证的. Bar code 最早记载于1963年. Behind bars “in prison” 由1934年考证, 美式英语. 威尔士语 bar “a bar, rail”, 爱尔兰语 barra “a bar, spike” 据说来自英语; 德语 Barre, 丹麦语 barre, 俄语 barŭ 来自中世纪拉丁语或罗马语.

bar (n.2)

“小酒馆”, 1590年代, 因指屏障或柜台的栏杆而得名, 在这些栏杆上向顾客提供饮料或食物(见 bar (n. 1) ).

bar (n.3)

“整个律师团体, 即法律界”, 1550年代, 这种意义最终来自于将法官与法院大厅隔开的栏杆(见 bar (n. 1) ). 达到一定地位的学生被“召唤” 到这里来, 参加该院的重要活动. 然而, 17世纪以后, 人们普遍认为这是指法庭上的 bar, 即法官座位周围的木栏杆, 犯人站在这里提审, barrister (q. v.) 站在这里答辩. 作为处理法庭事务的场所, 这个意义上的 bar 在14世纪初已经成为 court 的同义词.

bar (n.4)

压力单位, 1903年由希腊语 baros “重量” 创造, 与 barys “重” 有关, 来自PIE根 *gwere- (1) “重”.

bar (v.)

14世纪, “用铁栏杆固定(大门等)”, 出自 bar (n. 1); “阻碍, 阻止” 的意义在1570年代就有记载. 表达式 bar none “毫无例外” 从1866年开始记录.

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Definitions of bar from WordNet
1
bar (n.)
a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served over a counter;
he drowned his sorrows in whiskey at the bar
Synonyms: barroom / saloon / ginmill / taproom
bar (n.)
a counter where you can obtain food or drink;
he bought a hot dog and a coke at the bar
bar (n.)
a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon;
there were bars in the windows to prevent escape
bar (n.)
musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats;
the orchestra omitted the last twelve bars of the song
Synonyms: measure
bar (n.)
an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal;
it was an excellent kick but the ball hit the bar
bar (n.)
the act of preventing;
there was no bar against leaving
Synonyms: prevention
bar (n.)
(meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per square centimeter;
unfortunately some writers have used bar for one dyne per square centimeter
bar (n.)
a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore;
the boat ran aground on a submerged bar in the river
bar (n.)
the body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction;
he was admitted to the bar in New Jersey
Synonyms: legal profession / legal community
bar (n.)
a narrow marking of a different color or texture from the background;
a green toad with small black stripes or bars
Synonyms: stripe / streak
bar (n.)
a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax);
a bar of chocolate
Synonyms: cake
bar (n.)
a portable .30 caliber automatic rifle operated by gas pressure and fed by cartridges from a magazine; used by United States troops in World War I and in World War II and in the Korean War;
Synonyms: Browning automatic rifle
bar (n.)
a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises;
bar (n.)
a heating element in an electric fire;
an electric fire with three bars
bar (n.)
(law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried;
spectators were not allowed past the bar
2
bar (v.)
prevent from entering; keep out;
He was barred from membership in the club
Synonyms: debar / exclude
bar (v.)
render unsuitable for passage;
Synonyms: barricade / block / blockade / stop / block off / block up
bar (v.)
expel, as if by official decree;
Synonyms: banish / relegate
bar (v.)
secure with, or as if with, bars;
He barred the door
From wordnet.princeton.edu