bank (n.1)

"金融机构",15世纪末,原为"货币交易商的柜台或商店",来自古意大利语 banca ,或经法语 banque (本身来自意大利语),都是"桌子"的意思,来自日耳曼语源(如古高德语 bank "凳子,放债人的桌子"),来自原日耳曼语 *bankiz- "架子", *bankon- (见 bank (n.2))。词源学上的概念是放债人的兑换台。

作为"接受和借出金钱的机构",从1620年代开始。在赌博游戏中,"东家或与其余人对弈的人所持有的钱款",到1720年。 Bank holiday 是来自1871年,虽然这个传统和英格兰银行一样古老。到 cry all the way to the bank 是1956年由美国钢琴家Liberace在一场麦迪逊广场花园的音乐会后创造的,这场音乐会虽然被评论家们批评,但却挤满了顾客。

bank (n.2)

"与水体接壤的天然土坡",13世纪,来自斯堪的纳维亚半岛,如古北欧语 *banki ,古丹麦语 banke "沙岸",来自古日耳曼语 *bankon "斜坡",与 *bankiz "架子"同源(见 bench (n.))。如"海中的隆起的地面或游船、浅滩",出自17世纪。作为"古galley中划船者的凳子",1590年代。

可能有一个古英语的同源词,但在现存的文献中没有得到证实。鼻化形式可能是古北欧语 bakki "(河)岸,山脊,土丘;云岸"的变体,与瑞典语 backe ,丹麦语 bakke "山丘,高地"同源。

bank (v.1)

"充当银行家",1727年,来自 bank (n.1)。如"存入银行",出自1833年。"依靠"(即"把钱放在")的形象意义来自1884年,美国口语。相关链接: Banked ; banking ; bankable .

bank (v.2)

1580年代,"形成银行或斜坡或上升",来自 bank (n.2)。意为"上升的银行",是到1870年。"上升"的意思,如坡度,是从1892年开始的。在航空学中,来自1911年。相关链接: Banked ; banking

bank (v.3)

原本在台球中,"使(球杆球)在接触另一个球之前,先接触桌子的垫子( bank )",到1909年,从 bank (n.2)的专门意义上说,可能是从 bank-shot (n.)中抽象出来的,这是由1889年证明的。相关链接: Banked ; banking

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Definitions of bank from WordNet
bank (n.)
sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water);
they pulled the canoe up on the bank
he sat on the bank of the river and watched the currents
bank (n.)
a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities;
that bank holds the mortgage on my home
he cashed a check at the bank
Synonyms: depository financial institution / banking concern / banking company
bank (n.)
a long ridge or pile;
a huge bank of earth
bank (n.)
an arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers;
he operated a bank of switches
bank (n.)
a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies);
bank (n.)
the funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games;
he tried to break the bank at Monte Carlo
bank (n.)
a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force;
Synonyms: cant / camber
bank (n.)
a container (usually with a slot in the top) for keeping money at home;
the coin bank was empty
Synonyms: savings bank / coin bank / money box
bank (n.)
a building in which the business of banking transacted;
the bank is on the corner of Nassau and Witherspoon
Synonyms: bank building
bank (n.)
a flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning);
the plane went into a steep bank
bank (v.)
tip laterally;
the pilot had to bank the aircraft
bank (v.)
enclose with a bank;
bank roads
bank (v.)
do business with a bank or keep an account at a bank;
Where do you bank in this town?
bank (v.)
act as the banker in a game or in gambling;
bank (v.)
be in the banking business;
bank (v.)
put into a bank account;
Synonyms: deposit
bank (v.)
cover with ashes so to control the rate of burning;
bank a fire
bank (v.)
have faith or confidence in;
Synonyms: count / bet / depend / swear / rely / look / calculate / reckon