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bank (n.1)

“金融机构”, 15世纪末, 原为“货币交易商的柜台或商店”, 来自古意大利语 banca, 或经法语 banque (本身来自意大利语), 都是“桌子” 的意思, 来自日耳曼语源(如古高德语 bank “凳子, 放债人的桌子” ), 来自原日耳曼语 *bankiz- “架子”, *bankon- (见 bank (n. 2) ). 词源学上的概念是放债人的兑换台.

作为“接受和借出金钱的机构”, 从1620年代开始. 在赌博游戏中, “东家或与其余人对弈的人所持有的钱款”, 到1720年. Bank holiday 是来自1871年, 虽然这个传统和英格兰银行一样古老. 到 cry all the way to the bank 是1956年由美国钢琴家Liberace在一场麦迪逊广场花园的音乐会后创造的, 这场音乐会虽然被评论家们批评, 但却挤满了顾客.

bank (n.2)

“与水体接壤的天然土坡”, 13世纪, 来自斯堪的纳维亚半岛, 如古北欧语 *banki, 古丹麦语 banke “沙岸”, 来自古日耳曼语 *bankon “斜坡”, 与 *bankiz “架子” 同源(见 bench (n.) ). 如“海中的隆起的地面或游船, 浅滩”, 出自17世纪. 作为“古galley中划船者的凳子”, 1590年代.

可能有一个古英语的同源词, 但在现存的文献中没有得到证实. 鼻化形式可能是古北欧语 bakki “(河) 岸, 山脊, 土丘; 云岸” 的变体, 与瑞典语 backe, 丹麦语 bakke “山丘, 高地” 同源.

bank (v.1)

“充当银行家”, 1727年, 来自 bank (n. 1). 如“存入银行”, 出自1833年. “依靠” (即“把钱放在” )的形象意义来自1884年, 美国口语. 相关链接: Banked; banking; bankable.

bank (v.2)

1580年代, “形成银行或斜坡或上升”, 来自 bank (n. 2). 意为“上升的银行”, 是到1870年. “上升” 的意思, 如坡度, 是从1892年开始的. 在航空学中, 来自1911年. 相关链接: Banked; banking.

bank (v.3)

原本在台球中, “使(球杆球) 在接触另一个球之前, 先接触桌子的垫子(bank)”, 到1909年, 从 bank (n. 2) 的专门意义上说, 可能是从 bank-shot (n.) 中抽象出来的, 这是由1889年证明的. 相关链接: Banked; banking.

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Definitions of bank from WordNet
1
bank (n.)
sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water);
they pulled the canoe up on the bank
he sat on the bank of the river and watched the currents
bank (n.)
a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities;
that bank holds the mortgage on my home
he cashed a check at the bank
Synonyms: depository financial institution / banking concern / banking company
bank (n.)
a long ridge or pile;
a huge bank of earth
bank (n.)
an arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers;
he operated a bank of switches
bank (n.)
a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies);
bank (n.)
the funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games;
he tried to break the bank at Monte Carlo
bank (n.)
a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force;
Synonyms: cant / camber
bank (n.)
a container (usually with a slot in the top) for keeping money at home;
the coin bank was empty
Synonyms: savings bank / coin bank / money box
bank (n.)
a building in which the business of banking transacted;
the bank is on the corner of Nassau and Witherspoon
Synonyms: bank building
bank (n.)
a flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning);
the plane went into a steep bank
2
bank (v.)
tip laterally;
the pilot had to bank the aircraft
bank (v.)
enclose with a bank;
bank roads
bank (v.)
do business with a bank or keep an account at a bank;
Where do you bank in this town?
bank (v.)
act as the banker in a game or in gambling;
bank (v.)
be in the banking business;
bank (v.)
put into a bank account;
Synonyms: deposit
bank (v.)
cover with ashes so to control the rate of burning;
bank a fire
bank (v.)
have faith or confidence in;
Synonyms: count / bet / depend / swear / rely / look / calculate / reckon
From wordnet.princeton.edu