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authority (n.)

13世纪, autoriteauctorite "权威的段落或声明,解决论点的书或引文,来自圣经的段落",来自古法语 autoritéauctorité "权威、威望、权利、许可、尊严、重力;圣经"(12世纪;现代法语 autorité ),来自拉丁文 auctoritatem (名词 auctoritas )"发明、建议、意见、影响、命令",来自 auctor "主人、领袖、作者"(见 author (n.))。在16世纪之前,英语中通常用 -c- 拼写,当时这个字母是模仿法语而去掉的,然后用 -th- ,可能是受 authentic 的影响。

从14世纪一般意义上说是"法律效力",也有"权威的书;权威的学说"(与理性或经验相对);"作者的陈述被认为是正确的"。从14世纪中叶起作"统治或命令的权利,强制服从的权力,命令或行为的权力或权利"。在中古英语中也有"从良好声誉中获得的权力;说服人们的权力,激发信任的能力"。从15世纪起作"官方批准、授权"。意为"有权力的人",出自1610年代; Authorities "掌管者,有警察权力的人"的记载出自19世纪中叶。

Origin and meaning of authority

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Definitions of authority from WordNet

authority (n.)
the power or right to give orders or make decisions;
he has the authority to issue warrants
Synonyms: authorization / authorisation / potency / dominance / say-so
authority (n.)
(usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others;
authority (n.)
an expert whose views are taken as definitive;
he is an authority on corporate law
authority (n.)
freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities;
she spoke with authority
authority (n.)
an administrative unit of government;
Synonyms: agency / federal agency / government agency / bureau / office
authority (n.)
official permission or approval;
authority for the program was renewed several times
authority (n.)
an authoritative written work;
this book is the final authority on the life of Milton
From wordnet.princeton.edu