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augur (n.)

1540s,来自拉丁文 augur ,是古罗马的一位宗教官员,他通过观察和解释征兆和预兆来预言事件,也许最初的意思是"在仪式中颁布的农作物的增加",在这种情况下,它可能来自古拉丁文 *augos (genitive *augeris )"增加",并与 augere "增加"有关,来自PIE根 *aug- (1)"增加"。

更流行的理论是,它来自拉丁文 avis "鸟",因为鸟类的飞行、歌唱和进食是占卜的重要对象(比较 auspex )。在这种情况下,第二个元素将来自 garrire "说话"。相关链接: Augural ; augurial

These auspices were studied, with a fixed ceremonial, in the following classes of phenomena: (1) signs from the heavens, including thunder and lightning, and other meteorological manifestations; (2) signs from the direction of flight or the various cries of birds; (3) signs from the manner of eating of domestic hens kept for this purpose; (4) signs from the movements and attitudes of animals; (5) evil omens from various fortuitous incidents, such as the fall of any object, the gnawing of a mouse, the creaking of a chair, etc., occurring during the augural ceremonies or when these were about to begin. [Century Dictionary]

augur (v.)

17世纪 ,"预测,预言",出自 augur (n.)。1826年起作"betoken,预示"。相关链接: Augured ; auguring

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Definitions of augur from WordNet
1
augur (v.)
indicate, as with a sign or an omen;
augur (v.)
predict from an omen;
2
augur (n.)
(ancient Rome) a religious official who interpreted omens to guide public policy;
Synonyms: auspex
From wordnet.princeton.edu