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augur (n.)

1540s, 来自拉丁文 augur, 是古罗马的一位宗教官员, 他通过观察和解释征兆和预兆来预言事件, 也许最初的意思是“在仪式中颁布的农作物的增加”, 在这种情况下, 它可能来自古拉丁文 *augos (genitive *augeris) “增加”, 并与 augere “增加” 有关, 来自PIE根 *aug- (1) “增加”.

更流行的理论是, 它来自拉丁文 avis “鸟”, 因为鸟类的飞行, 歌唱和进食是占卜的重要对象(比较 auspex). 在这种情况下, 第二个元素将来自 garrire “说话”. 相关链接: Augural; augurial.

These auspices were studied, with a fixed ceremonial, in the following classes of phenomena: (1) signs from the heavens, including thunder and lightning, and other meteorological manifestations; (2) signs from the direction of flight or the various cries of birds; (3) signs from the manner of eating of domestic hens kept for this purpose; (4) signs from the movements and attitudes of animals; (5) evil omens from various fortuitous incidents, such as the fall of any object, the gnawing of a mouse, the creaking of a chair, etc. , occurring during the augural ceremonies or when these were about to begin. [Century Dictionary]

augur (v.)

17世纪, “预测, 预言”, 出自 augur (n.). 1826年起作“betoken, 预示”. 相关链接: Augured; auguring.

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Definitions of augur from WordNet
1
augur (v.)
indicate, as with a sign or an omen;
augur (v.)
predict from an omen;
2
augur (n.)
(ancient Rome) a religious official who interpreted omens to guide public policy;
Synonyms: auspex
From wordnet.princeton.edu