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astronomy (n.)

13世纪, “天文学, 占星术, 对天体的科学或神秘学”, 来自古法语 astrenomie “天文学, 占星术”, 来自拉丁文 astronomia, 来自希腊文 astronomia, 抽象名词 astronomos, 字面意思是“星规”, 来自 astron “星” (来自PIE根 *ster- (2) “星” )+ nomos “安排, 调节; 规则, 法律”, 来自PIE根 *nem- “分配, 配给; 采取”. 也许最初是指绘制星座或行星的运动图.

Þer wes moni god clarc to lokien in þan leofte, to lokien i þan steorren nehʒe and feorren. þe craft is ihate Astronomie. [Layamon, “The Brut,” 13 Century ]

在英语中, astronomyastrology 更早, 最初包括现在分布在这两个词上的意义; 到17世纪末, 逐渐分化完成, astronomy 开始专指“天体的科学研究”. 见 astrology.

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Definitions of astronomy from WordNet

astronomy (n.)
the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole;
Synonyms: uranology
From wordnet.princeton.edu