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assassin (n.)

15世纪30年代(英拉丁语从13世纪中叶开始), 经中世纪的法语和意大利语 Assissini, Assassini, 来源于阿拉伯语 hashīshīn (12世纪), 是阿拉伯语的绰号, 有多种解释, 指十字军东征时中东地区的尼扎里伊斯玛仪教派, 复数为 hashishiyy, 来源为 hashish (q. v.).

他们是十字军东征时黎巴嫩山区一个狂热的穆斯林教派, 在“山中老人” 的领导下(翻译成阿拉伯语 shaik-al-jibal, 名字应用于哈桑-伊布-萨巴). 在西欧人心目中12世纪-13世纪, 他们有谋杀反对派领袖的名声, 在吃了哈希什后, 他们自己都醉了, 但没有证据表明中世纪的伊斯玛仪教徒使用了哈希什.

复数后缀 -in 在欧洲被误认为是这个词的一部分(比较 Bedouin). 中世纪英语中的这个词是 hassais (14世纪中叶), 来自古法语 hassasis, assasis, 来自阿拉伯语.

The generalization of the sect's nickname to the meaning of any sort of assassin happened in Italian at the start of the 14th century. The word with the generalized meaning was often used in Italian in the 14th and 15th centuries. In the mid 16th century the generalized Italian word entered French, followed a little later by English. [“English Words of Arabic Ancestry” ]

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Definitions of assassin from WordNet

assassin (n.)
a murderer (especially one who kills a prominent political figure) who kills by a surprise attack and often is hired to do the deed;
his assassins were hunted down like animals
Synonyms: assassinator / bravo
assassin (n.)
a member of a secret order of Muslims (founded in the 12th century) who terrorized and killed Christian Crusaders;
From wordnet.princeton.edu