art (n.)

13世纪初, “技能作为学习或实践的结果”, 来自古法语 art (10世纪), 来自拉丁语 artem (代名词 ars) “艺术作品; 实用技能; 一种业务, 手艺”, 来自PIE *ar(ə) -ti- (也是梵语 rtih “方式, 模式” 的来源; 希腊语 artizein “准备” ), 根 *ar- “合在一起” 的后缀形式. 词源上类似于拉丁文 arma “武器”.

在中古英语中通常带有“学问和学问的技巧” (14世纪) 的意义, 特别是在七门科学中, 或 liberal arts. 这种意义在 Bachelor of Arts, 等中仍然存在. 意为“人类工艺” (与 nature) 来自14世纪晚期 意为“执行某些行动的规则和传统体系” 来自15世纪晚期 意为“狡猾和诡计的技巧” 最早在16世纪晚期得到证明(这个意义在 artful, artless). 意思是“创造性艺术的技能” 最早记录于1610年代; 特别是绘画, 雕塑等, 从1660年代开始.

Supreme art is a traditional statement of certain heroic and religious truths, passed on from age to age, modified by individual genius, but never abandoned. The revolt of individualism came because the tradition had become degraded, or rather because a spurious copy had been accepted in its stead. [William Butler Yeats, journal, 1909]

表达方式 art for art's sake 1824年) 翻译的法文 l'art pour l'art. 第一次记录 art critic 是1847年的. Arts and crafts “装饰设计和手工艺” 最早见于 Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society, 1888年成立于伦敦.

Origin and meaning of art

art (v.)

be 的第二人称单数现时指示性词; 古英语 eart. 另见 are (v.). 它在19世纪成为过时的.

art (adj.)

“用有意识的艺术手法制作” (与 popularfolk), 1890年, 出自 art (n.), 可能是受德国 kunstlied “艺术歌曲” 的影响. Art film 是1960年的; art rock 是1968年的.

Definitions of art

art (n.)
the products of human creativity; works of art collectively;
a collection of fine art
an art exhibition
Synonyms: fine art
art (n.)
the creation of beautiful or significant things;
I was never any good at art
art does not need to be innovative to be good
he said that architecture is the art of wasting space beautifully
Synonyms: artistic creation / artistic production
art (n.)
a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation;
it's quite an art
the art of conversation
Synonyms: artistry / prowess
art (n.)
photographs or other visual representations in a printed publication;
Synonyms: artwork / graphics / nontextual matter