answer (n.)

古英语 andswaru “回应, 对问题的回答”, 来自 and- “反对” (来自PIE词根 *ant- “前面, 额头”, 衍生词意为“前面, 之前” )+ -swaru “肯定”, 来自 swerian “发誓” (见 swear), 表明原意为“宣誓声明反驳指控”. 意为“问题的解决”, 来自14世纪.

It is remarkable that the Latin expression for answer is formed in exactly the same way from a verb spondere, signifying to engage for, to assure. [Hensleigh Wedgwood, “A Dictionary of English Etymology,” 1859]

一个常见的日耳曼语复合词(同源词. 古撒克逊语 antswor, 古北欧语 andsvar, 古弗里斯兰语 ondser, 丹麦语和瑞典语 ansvar), 意味着原日耳曼语 *andswara-. 更简单的“一言以蔽之” 的概念在哥特语 anda-vaurd, 德语 Antwort.

answer (v.)

古英语 answarian “作答辩状”, 来自 and- “反对” (来自PIE词根 *ant- “前面, 额头”, 派生词意为“前面, 之前” )+ swerian “发誓” (见 swear), 暗示原义为“作宣誓状反驳指控”.

意思是“符合, 对应”, “负责” 是13世纪初的; “承受后果” 是13世纪末的; “反曲回应” 是15世纪初的. “以行为或行动回应, 以实物回馈” 是1570年代的; “解决, 找到结果” 是1742年的. 相关链接: Answered; answering. 电话 answering machine 所以从1961年开始叫.

updated on August 19, 2020

Definitions of answer from WordNet
answer (v.)
react verbally;
We answered that we would accept the invitation
answer the question
She didn't want to answer
Synonyms: reply / respond
answer (v.)
respond to a signal;
answer the telephone
answer the door
answer (v.)
give the correct answer or solution to;
answer a question
answer the riddle
answer (v.)
understand the meaning of;
The question concerning the meaning of life cannot be answered
Synonyms: resolve
answer (v.)
give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument);
The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution
answer (v.)
be liable or accountable;
She must answer for her actions
answer (v.)
be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;
A few words would answer
Synonyms: suffice / do / serve
answer (v.)
match or correspond;
The drawing of the suspect answers to the description the victim gave
answer (v.)
be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of;
This may answer her needs
answer (v.)
react to a stimulus or command;
The steering of my new car answers to the slightest touch
answer (n.)
a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation;
I waited several days for his answer
Synonyms: reply / response
answer (n.)
a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem;
the answers were in the back of the book
answer (n.)
the speech act of replying to a question;
answer (n.)
the principal pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims;
answer (n.)
a nonverbal reaction;
his answer to any problem was to get drunk
their answer was to sue me
From, not affiliated with etymonline.