answer (n.)

古英语 andswaru "回应,对问题的回答",来自 and- "反对"(来自PIE词根 *ant- "前面,额头",衍生词意为"前面,之前")+ -swaru "肯定",来自 swerian "发誓"(见 swear ),表明原意为"宣誓声明反驳指控"。意为"问题的解决",来自14世纪 。

It is remarkable that the Latin expression for answer is formed in exactly the same way from a verb spondere , signifying to engage for, to assure. [Hensleigh Wedgwood, "A Dictionary of English Etymology," 1859]

一个常见的日耳曼语复合词(同源词。古撒克逊语 antswor ,古北欧语 andsvar ,古弗里斯兰语 ondser ,丹麦语和瑞典语 ansvar ),意味着原日耳曼语 *andswara- 。更简单的"一言以蔽之"的概念在哥特语 anda-vaurd ,德语 Antwort

answer (v.)

古英语 answarian "作答辩状",来自 and- "反对"(来自PIE词根 *ant- "前面,额头",派生词意为"前面,之前")+ swerian "发誓"(见 swear ),暗示原义为"作宣誓状反驳指控"。

意思是"符合、对应"、"负责"是13世纪初的;"承受后果"是13世纪末的;"反曲回应"是15世纪初的。"以行为或行动回应,以实物回馈"是1570年代的;"解决、找到结果"是1742年的。相关链接: Answered ; answering 。电话 answering machine 所以从1961年开始叫。

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Definitions of answer from WordNet
answer (v.)
react verbally;
We answered that we would accept the invitation
answer the question
She didn't want to answer
Synonyms: reply / respond
answer (v.)
respond to a signal;
answer the telephone
answer the door
answer (v.)
give the correct answer or solution to;
answer a question
answer the riddle
answer (v.)
understand the meaning of;
The question concerning the meaning of life cannot be answered
Synonyms: resolve
answer (v.)
give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument);
The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution
answer (v.)
be liable or accountable;
She must answer for her actions
answer (v.)
be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity;
A few words would answer
Synonyms: suffice / do / serve
answer (v.)
match or correspond;
The drawing of the suspect answers to the description the victim gave
answer (v.)
be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of;
This may answer her needs
answer (v.)
react to a stimulus or command;
The steering of my new car answers to the slightest touch
answer (n.)
a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation;
I waited several days for his answer
Synonyms: reply / response
answer (n.)
a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem;
the answers were in the back of the book
answer (n.)
the speech act of replying to a question;
answer (n.)
the principal pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims;
answer (n.)
a nonverbal reaction;
his answer to any problem was to get drunk
their answer was to sue me