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anarchy (n.)

15世纪30年代, “无政府”, 来自法语 anarchie, 或直接来自中世纪拉丁语 anarchia, 来自希腊语 anarkhia “缺乏领袖, 没有政府的人民状态” (在雅典, 用于公元前404年的三十暴君年, 当时没有 archon), 抽象名词来自 anarkhos “无统治者”, 来自 an- “没有” (见 an- (1) ). + arkhos “领导者” (见 archon).

从16世纪60年代起, 作为“混乱或一般权威的缺失”; 到1849年, 指法国政治哲学家皮埃尔-约瑟夫-蒲鲁东(1809-1865) 在19世纪30年代提出的主张“没有权力的秩序” 的社会理论, 以协会和合作社取代直接政府.

Either the State for ever, crushing individual and local life, taking over in all fields of human activity, bringing with it its wars and its domestic struggles for power, its palace revolutions which only replace one tyrant by another, and inevitably at the end of this development there is. .. death! Or the destruction of States, and new life starting again in thousands of centers on the principle of the lively initiative of the individual and groups and that of free agreement. The choice lies with you! [Prince Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921), “The State: Its Historic Role,” 1896]

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Definitions of anarchy from WordNet

anarchy (n.)
a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government);
Synonyms: lawlessness
From wordnet.princeton.edu