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alter (v.)

14世纪末, “改变(某物), 以某种方式使之不同”, 来自古法语 alterer “改变, 改变”, 来自中世纪拉丁语 alterare “改变”, 来自拉丁语 alter “另一个(两个)”, 来自PIE词根 *al- (1) “超越” +比较级后缀 -ter (如 other). 不及物意义“成为其他”, 最早记录于1580年代. 相关: Altered; altering.

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Definitions of alter from WordNet

alter (v.)
make an alteration to;
This dress needs to be altered
alter (v.)
insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby;
Synonyms: interpolate / falsify
alter (v.)
remove the ovaries of;
Synonyms: neuter / spay / castrate
alter (v.)
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation;
The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city
Synonyms: change / modify
alter (v.)
become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence;
Synonyms: change / vary
From wordnet.princeton.edu