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aesthetic (n.)

1798年,来自德语 Ästhetisch (18世纪中叶)或法语 esthétique (来自德语),最终来自希腊语 aisthetikos "of或for perception by senses,perceptive",对事物的"perceptible",来自 aisthanesthai "to perceive(由感官或心灵),to feel",来自PIE *awis-dh-yo- ,来自根 *au- "to perceive"。由康德的翻译在英语中流行,最初用于经典正确的意义"处理感性认识条件的科学"[OED]。康德曾试图在亚历山大-鲍姆加滕(Alexander Baumgarten)在德文中把它取为"品味批评"(1750年代)后收回这个词,但鲍姆加滕的意义在英文中获得了约1830年代的流行(尽管有学者的抵制),并把这个词从哲学中解放出来。沃尔特-帕特用它(1868年)来描述19世纪末主张"为艺术而艺术"的运动,这进一步模糊了这个意义。惠威尔曾提出 callesthetics "对美的认识的科学"]。

作为一个形容词,到1798年为"感性认识的或与感性认识有关的";1821年为"欣赏美的或与欣赏有关的"。相关链接: Aesthetically

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Definitions of aesthetic from WordNet
1
aesthetic (adj.)
relating to or dealing with the subject of aesthetics;
aesthetic values
Synonyms: esthetic
aesthetic (adj.)
concerning or characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste;
aesthetic feeling
an aesthetic person
the illustrations made the book an aesthetic success
the aesthetic faculties
Synonyms: esthetic / aesthetical / esthetical
aesthetic (adj.)
aesthetically pleasing;
Synonyms: esthetic / artistic
2
aesthetic (n.)
(philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful;
Synonyms: esthetic
From wordnet.princeton.edu