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aesthetic (n.)

1798年, 来自德语 Ä sthetisch (18世纪中叶) 或法语 esthé tique (来自德语), 最终来自希腊语 aisthetikos “of或for perception by senses, perceptive”, 对事物的“perceptible”, 来自 aisthanesthai “to perceive(由感官或心灵), to feel”, 来自PIE *awis-dh-yo-, 来自根 *au- “to perceive”. 由康德的翻译在英语中流行, 最初用于经典正确的意义“处理感性认识条件的科学” [OED]. 康德曾试图在亚历山大-鲍姆加滕(Alexander Baumgarten) 在德文中把它取为“品味批评” (1750年代) 后收回这个词, 但鲍姆加滕的意义在英文中获得了约1830年代的流行(尽管有学者的抵制), 并把这个词从哲学中解放出来. 沃尔特-帕特用它(1868年) 来描述19世纪末主张“为艺术而艺术” 的运动, 这进一步模糊了这个意义. 惠威尔曾提出 callesthetics “对美的认识的科学” ].

作为一个形容词, 到1798年为“感性认识的或与感性认识有关的”; 1821年为“欣赏美的或与欣赏有关的”. 相关链接: Aesthetically.

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Definitions of aesthetic
1
aesthetic (adj.)
relating to or dealing with the subject of aesthetics;
aesthetic values
Synonyms: esthetic
aesthetic (adj.)
concerning or characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste;
aesthetic feeling
an aesthetic person
the illustrations made the book an aesthetic success
the aesthetic faculties
Synonyms: esthetic / aesthetical / esthetical
aesthetic (adj.)
aesthetically pleasing;
Synonyms: esthetic / artistic
2
aesthetic (n.)
(philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful;
Synonyms: esthetic
From wordnet.princeton.edu