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addict (v.)

1530年代 (隐含在 addicted) “献身或放弃(自己) 某种习惯或职业”, 来自拉丁文 addictus, addicere 的过去分词“交付, 授予, 让步; 让渡, 出售”, 恰当地说是“给予一个人的同意”, 形象地说是“献身, 奉献. 牺牲, 出卖, 背叛, 放弃”, 来自 ad “to” (见 ad-) + dicere, 通常是“说, 宣布” (来自PIE根 *deik- “表明”, 也是“庄严地宣告” ), 也有“裁定, 分配”. “” 这是一种对冲动的屈服, 一般来说是一种不好的屈服“【世纪词典】. 相关链接: Addicted; addicting.

addict (n.)

“一个交给某种做法的人”, 1909年, 第一次提到吗啡, 来自 addict (五).

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Definitions of addict
1
addict (n.)
someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction;
a golf addict
Synonyms: nut / freak / junkie / junky
addict (n.)
someone who is physiologically dependent on a substance; abrupt deprivation of the substance produces withdrawal symptoms;
2
addict (v.)
to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug);
Synonyms: hook
From wordnet.princeton.edu