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addict (v.)

1530年代 (隐含在 addicted )"献身或放弃(自己)某种习惯或职业",来自拉丁文 addictusaddicere 的过去分词"交付、授予、让步;让渡、出售",恰当地说是"给予一个人的同意",形象地说是"献身、奉献。牺牲、出卖、背叛、放弃",来自 ad "to"(见 ad- )+ dicere ,通常是"说、宣布"(来自PIE根 *deik- "表明",也是"庄严地宣告"),也有"裁定、分配"。""这是一种对冲动的屈服,一般来说是一种不好的屈服"【世纪词典】。相关链接: Addicted ; addicting .

addict (n.)

"一个交给某种做法的人",1909年,第一次提到吗啡,来自 addict (五)。

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Definitions of addict from WordNet
1
addict (n.)
someone who is so ardently devoted to something that it resembles an addiction;
a golf addict
Synonyms: nut / freak / junkie / junky
addict (n.)
someone who is physiologically dependent on a substance; abrupt deprivation of the substance produces withdrawal symptoms;
2
addict (v.)
to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug);
Synonyms: hook
From wordnet.princeton.edu