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act (n.)

14世纪末, “a thing done”, 来自拉丁文 actus “a doing; a driving, impulse, a setting in motion; a part in a play,” 和 actum “a thing done” (原为法律术语), 都来自 agere “to set in motion, drive, drive forward,” 因此“do, performance,” 形象地说是“煽动行动”. 保持运动, 激起, “这个动词在拉丁语中含义广泛, 包括” 在舞台上表演, 扮演角色; 在法律上申辩; 追逐; 运走, 偷窃; “来自PIE词根 *ag-” 推动, 引出或前进, 移动. “

戏剧(” 戏剧的一部分, “1510年代) 和立法(15世纪初) 这个词的意义也是在拉丁美洲. 意思是” 综艺节目中的一系列表演之一“, 来自1890年. 意为” 展示夸张的行为“是从1928年开始, 从戏剧意义上延伸出来的. In the act” 在这个过程中“来自于1590年代, 也许最初来自于16世纪末的意义 the act, 为” 性交“. Act of God” 无法控制的自然力量“由1726年记载.

An act of God is an accident which arises from a cause which operates without interference or aid from man (1 Pars. on Cont. 635); the loss arising wherefrom cannot be guarded against by the ordinary exertions of human skill and prudence so as to prevent its effect. [William Wait,” General Principles of the Law, “ Albany, 1879]

get into the act” 参加“是从1947年开始的; 要 get (one's) act together” 组织一个人的(无序) 生活“是到1976年.

act (v.)

15世纪中叶, “根据或裁决” 一个法律案件, 来自拉丁文 actus, 过去分词 agere “启动, 推动, 向前推进”, 因此“做, 执行”, 也“在舞台上表演, 扮演角色; 在法律上申辩事业” (来自PIE根 *ag- “推动, 引出或前进, 移动” ).

英语中的现代意义大多可能来自名词. 一般意义上的“做, 执行, 交易” 来自17世纪. 的东西, 到1751年, “做某事, 发挥能量或力量”. 在戏剧中从1590年代作为“作为演员的表演” (不定式), 1610年代作为“在舞台上通过表演来表示” (不定式). 意为“执行特定的职责或职能”, 往往是临时性的, 到1804年.

act on “施加影响”, 是1810年起. 到 act up “桀骜不驯” 在1900年之前是(指马). 更早的时候, 它的意思是“按照” 责任, 期望或信念“行事” (1645年). 要 act out “behave anti-socially” (1974) 来自精神病学意义上的“表达自己无意识的冲动或欲望” (acting out 是1945年的). 相关链接: Acted; acting.

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Definitions of act from WordNet
1
act (v.)
perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);
The governor should act on the new energy bill
The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel
think before you act
Synonyms: move
act (v.)
behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;
You should act like an adult
The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people
Synonyms: behave / do
act (v.)
play a role or part;
She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role
Synonyms: play / represent
act (v.)
discharge one's duties;
She acts as the chair
In what capacity are you acting?
act (v.)
pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;
He acted the idiot
Synonyms: play / act as
act (v.)
be suitable for theatrical performance;
This scene acts well
act (v.)
have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected;
The breaks of my new car act quickly
Synonyms: work
act (v.)
be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;
act (v.)
behave unnaturally or affectedly;
She's just acting
Synonyms: dissemble / pretend
act (v.)
perform on a stage or theater;
She acts in this play
He acted in `Julius Caesar'
Synonyms: play / roleplay / playact
2
act (n.)
a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;
Synonyms: enactment
act (n.)
something that people do or cause to happen;
Synonyms: deed / human action / human activity
act (n.)
a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;
act (n.)
a short performance that is part of a longer program;
he did his act three times every evening
Synonyms: routine / number / turn / bit
act (n.)
a manifestation of insincerity;
he put on quite an act for her benefit
From wordnet.princeton.edu