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act (n.)

14世纪末,"a thing done",来自拉丁文 actus "a doing;a driving,impulse,a setting in motion;a part in a play,"和 actum "a thing done"(原为法律术语),都来自 agere "to set in motion,drive,drive forward,"因此"do,performance,"形象地说是"煽动行动"。保持运动,激起,"这个动词在拉丁语中含义广泛,包括"在舞台上表演,扮演角色;在法律上申辩;追逐;运走,偷窃;"来自PIE词根 *ag- "推动,引出或前进,移动。"

戏剧("戏剧的一部分,"1510年代)和立法(15世纪初)这个词的意义也是在拉丁美洲。意思是"综艺节目中的一系列表演之一",来自1890年。意为"展示夸张的行为"是从1928年开始,从戏剧意义上延伸出来的。 In the act "在这个过程中"来自于1590年代,也许最初来自于16世纪末的意义 the act ,为"性交"。 Act of God "无法控制的自然力量"由1726年记载。

An act of God is an accident which arises from a cause which operates without interference or aid from man (1 Pars. on Cont. 635); the loss arising wherefrom cannot be guarded against by the ordinary exertions of human skill and prudence so as to prevent its effect. [William Wait, "General Principles of the Law," Albany, 1879]

get into the act "参加"是从1947年开始的;要 get (one's) act together "组织一个人的(无序)生活"是到1976年。

act (v.)

15世纪中叶,"根据或裁决"一个法律案件,来自拉丁文 actus ,过去分词 agere "启动、推动、向前推进",因此"做、执行",也"在舞台上表演,扮演角色;在法律上申辩事业"(来自PIE根 *ag- "推动、引出或前进、移动")。

英语中的现代意义大多可能来自名词。一般意义上的"做,执行,交易"来自17世纪 。的东西,到1751年,"做某事,发挥能量或力量"。在戏剧中从1590年代作为"作为演员的表演"(不定式),1610年代作为"在舞台上通过表演来表示"(不定式)。意为"执行特定的职责或职能",往往是临时性的,到1804年。

act on "施加影响",是1810年起。到 act up "桀骜不驯"在1900年之前是(指马)。更早的时候,它的意思是"按照"责任、期望或信念"行事"(1645年)。要 act out "behave anti-socially"(1974)来自精神病学意义上的"表达自己无意识的冲动或欲望"( acting out 是1945年的)。相关链接: Acted ; acting .

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Definitions of act from WordNet
1
act (v.)
perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);
The governor should act on the new energy bill
The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel
think before you act
Synonyms: move
act (v.)
behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself;
You should act like an adult
The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people
Synonyms: behave / do
act (v.)
play a role or part;
She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role
Synonyms: play / represent
act (v.)
discharge one's duties;
She acts as the chair
In what capacity are you acting?
act (v.)
pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind;
He acted the idiot
Synonyms: play / act as
act (v.)
be suitable for theatrical performance;
This scene acts well
act (v.)
have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected;
The breaks of my new car act quickly
Synonyms: work
act (v.)
be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure;
act (v.)
behave unnaturally or affectedly;
She's just acting
Synonyms: dissemble / pretend
act (v.)
perform on a stage or theater;
She acts in this play
He acted in `Julius Caesar'
Synonyms: play / roleplay / playact
2
act (n.)
a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body;
Synonyms: enactment
act (n.)
something that people do or cause to happen;
Synonyms: deed / human action / human activity
act (n.)
a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet;
act (n.)
a short performance that is part of a longer program;
he did his act three times every evening
Synonyms: routine / number / turn / bit
act (n.)
a manifestation of insincerity;
he put on quite an act for her benefit
From wordnet.princeton.edu