Advertisement

absolute (adj.)

14世纪末, “不受限制, 不受限制; 完整, 完美, 不受不完美的限制;” 也有“不与别的东西相对” (15世纪中叶), 来自拉丁文 absolutus, absolvere 的过去分词“释放, 宣告无罪; 完整, 结束; 使分开”, 来自 ab “脱落, 远离” (见 ab-) + solvere “松开, 解开, 释放, 脱离”, 来自PIE *se-lu-, 来自反身代词 *s(w) e- (见 idiom) +根 *leu- “松开, 分开, 切开”.

意义演化可能是从“脱离, 脱离” 到“完美, 纯洁”. 意思是“专制” (1610年代) 来自“绝对地位” 的概念; . absolute monarchy 是1735年的记载(absolute king 是1610年代的记载). 语法意义来自14世纪后期

Absolute magnitude (1902年) 是一颗恒星在距离10parsecs(或32. 6光年) 时的亮度; 科学上 absolute value 是1907年的. 作为玄学中的名词. the absolute “无条件的或不受限制的; 非亲属的” 出自1809年.

Origin and meaning of absolute

Others are reading

Advertisement
Definitions of absolute from WordNet
1
absolute (adj.)
complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;
absolute freedom
an absolute dimwit
Synonyms: downright / out-and-out / rank / right-down / sheer
absolute (adj.)
perfect or complete or pure;
absolute truth
absolute silence
absolute loyalty
absolute alcohol
absolute (adj.)
not limited by law;
an absolute monarch
absolute (adj.)
expressing finality with no implication of possible change;
an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority
absolute (adj.)
not capable of being violated or infringed;
Synonyms: infrangible / inviolable
2
absolute (n.)
something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative;
no mortal being can influence the absolute
From wordnet.princeton.edu