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absolute (adj.)

14世纪末,"不受限制,不受限制;完整,完美,不受不完美的限制;"也有"不与别的东西相对"(15世纪中叶),来自拉丁文 absolutusabsolvere 的过去分词"释放,宣告无罪;完整,结束;使分开",来自 ab "脱落,远离"(见 ab- )+ solvere "松开,解开,释放,脱离",来自PIE *se-lu- ,来自反身代词 *s(w)e- (见 idiom )+根 *leu- "松开,分开,切开"。

意义演化可能是从"脱离,脱离"到"完美,纯洁"。意思是"专制"(1610年代)来自"绝对地位"的概念;。 absolute monarchy 是1735年的记载( absolute king 是1610年代的记载)。语法意义来自14世纪后期

Absolute magnitude (1902年)是一颗恒星在距离10parsecs(或32.6光年)时的亮度;科学上 absolute value 是1907年的。作为玄学中的名词。 the absolute "无条件的或不受限制的;非亲属的"出自1809年。

Origin and meaning of absolute

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Definitions of absolute from WordNet
1
absolute (adj.)
complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;
absolute freedom
an absolute dimwit
Synonyms: downright / out-and-out / rank / right-down / sheer
absolute (adj.)
perfect or complete or pure;
absolute truth
absolute silence
absolute loyalty
absolute alcohol
absolute (adj.)
not limited by law;
an absolute monarch
absolute (adj.)
expressing finality with no implication of possible change;
an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority
absolute (adj.)
not capable of being violated or infringed;
Synonyms: infrangible / inviolable
2
absolute (n.)
something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative;
no mortal being can influence the absolute
From wordnet.princeton.edu