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-ology

表示“知识, 科学的分支” 的构词元素, 现在是 -logy 的常用形式. 19世纪最初用于非词组(commonsensology, 等等), 由于受到 geology, mythology, 等等中的适当形式的影响, 它获得了合法性, 其中 -o- 是前一个元素中的一个词干元音.

The second element is prop[erly] -logy (-logue, etc.), the -o- belonging to the preceding element; but the accent makes the apparent element in E[nglish] to be -ology, which is hence often used as an independent word. [Century Dictionary] 

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