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-ity

从形容词做抽象名词的构词元素, 意思是“条件或品质的存在______”, 来自中古英语 -ite, 来自古法语 -ete (现代法语 -ité), 直接来自拉丁语 -itatem (名词 -itas), 后缀表示状态或条件, 由 -i- (来自词干或其他连接词) +常用抽象后缀 -tas (见 -ty (2) )组成.

Roughly, the word in -ity usually means the quality of being what the adjective describes, or concretely an instance of the quality, or collectively all the instances; & the word in -ism means the disposition, or collectively all those who feel it. [Fowler]

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