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*kwetwer-

原印欧语根, 意为“四”.

它形成了全部或部分: cadre; cahier; carillon; carrefour; catty-cornered; diatessaron; escadrille; farthing; firkin; fortnight; forty; four; fourteen; fourth; quadrant; quadraphonic; quadratic; quadri-; quadrilateral; quadriliteral; quadrille; quadriplegia; quadrivium; quadroon; quadru-; quadruped; quadruple; quadruplicate; quarantine; quarrel (n. 2). quarry (n. 2) “弩的方头螺栓;” tetrarch (n. 2) “挖掘岩石的开阔地;” quart; quarter; quarterback; quartermaster; quarters; quartet; quarto; quaternary; quatrain; quattrocento; quire (n. 1) “一本书的四个折叠页;” squad; square; tessellated; tetra-; tetracycline; tetrad; tetragrammaton; tetrameter; ; trapezium.

它的假设来源/存在的证据是由以下方面提供的. 梵文 catvarah, 阿维斯坦文 č athwaro, 波斯文 č atvar, 希腊文 tessares, 拉丁文 quattuor, 奥斯卡文 petora, 古教会斯拉夫文 č etyre, 立陶宛文 keturi, 古爱尔兰文 cethir, 威尔士文 pedwar.

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