- reform (v.)
- c.1300, "to convert into another and better form," from Old French reformer (12c.), from Latin reformare "to form again, change, alter," from re- "again" (see re-) + formare "to form" (see form (n.)).
Meaning "to bring (a person) away from an evil course of life" is recorded from early 15c.; of governments, institutions, etc., from early 15c. Related: Reformed; reforming. Reformed churches (1580s) usually are Calvinist as opposed to Lutheran. Reformed Judaism (1843) is a movement initiated in Germany by Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786). Reform school is attested from 1859.
- reform (n.)
- 1660s, from reform (v.).