pathos (n.) Look up pathos at Dictionary.com
"quality that arouses pity or sorrow," 1660s, from Greek pathos "suffering, feeling, emotion, calamity," literally "what befalls one," related to paskhein "to suffer," pathein "to suffer, feel," penthos "grief, sorrow;" from PIE root *kwent(h)- "to suffer, endure" (source also of Old Irish cessaim "I suffer," Lithuanian kenčiu "to suffer," pakanta "patience").