criminal (n.) Look up criminal at Dictionary.com
1620s, from criminal (adj.).
criminal (adj.) Look up criminal at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French criminel (11c.), from Latin criminalis "pertaining to crime," from crimen (genitive criminis); see crime. Preserves the Latin -n-. Criminal law (or criminal justice) distinguished from civil in English at least since late 15c.