caudillo (n.) Look up caudillo at Dictionary.com
dictator in Spain or Latin America, 1852, from Spanish caudillo, cabdillo "leader, chief," from Late Latin capitellum, diminutive of caput (genitive capitis) "head" (from PIE root *kaput- "head"). Later in Spain taken by Franco as a title in imitation of German Führer, Italian Duce.