aperture (n.) Look up aperture at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "an opening, hole, orifice," from Latin apertura "an opening," from apertus, past participle of aperire "to open, uncover," from PIE compound *ap-wer-yo- from *ap- "off, away" (see apo-) + root *wer- (5) "to cover." In optics, diameter of the exposed part of a telescope, microscope, etc., 1660s.