affidavit (n.)
"written declaration upon an oath," 1590s, from Medieval Latin affidavit, literally "he has stated on oath," third person singular perfective of affidare "to trust; to make an oath," from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + fidare "to trust," from fidus "faithful," from PIE root *bheidh- "to trust, confide, persuade." So called from being the first word of sworn statements.