absent (prep.) Look up absent at Dictionary.com
"in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (adj.).
absent (v.) Look up absent at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "withdraw (oneself), go away, stay away," from Old French absenter "absent (oneself)," from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.
absent (adj.) Look up absent at Dictionary.com
"not present, not in a certain place" (of persons), "non-existent" (of things), late 14c., from Old French absent, ausent "absent," from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent," from ab "off, away from" (see ab-) + esse "to be," from PIE root *es- "to be" (see essence). Related: Absently; absentness.