African-American Look up African-American at Dictionary.com
there are isolated instances from at least 1863, but the modern use is a re-invention first attested 1969 (in reference to the African-American Teachers Association) which became the preferred term in some circles for "U.S. black" (noun or adjective) by the late 1980s. Mencken, 1921, reports Aframerican "is now very commonly used in the Negro press." Afro-American is attested in 1853, in freemen's publications in Canada. Africo-American was common in abolitionist and colonization society writings early 19c. (from 1817 as a noun, 1826 as an adjective).