urethra (n.) Look up urethra at Dictionary.com
"canal through which urine is discharged from the bladder," 1630s, from Late Latin urethra, from Greek ourethra "the passage for urine," coined by Hippocrates from ourein "to urinate," from ouron (see urine). Related: Urethral.
urethritis (n.) Look up urethritis at Dictionary.com
1823, medical Latin, from urethra + -itis.
uretic (adj.) Look up uretic at Dictionary.com
1849, from Late Latin ureticus, from Greek ouretikos, from ourein (see urine).
urge (v.) Look up urge at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Latin urgere "to press hard, push forward, force, drive, compel, stimulate," from PIE root *wreg- "to push, shove, drive" (cognates: Lithuanian verziu "tie, fasten, squeeze," vargas "need, distress," vergas "slave;" Old Church Slavonic vragu "enemy;" Gothic wrikan "persecute," Old English wrecan "drive, hunt, pursue"). Related: Urged; urging.
urge (n.) Look up urge at Dictionary.com
1610s, "act of urging," from urge (v.). Marked as "rare" in Century Dictionary (1902); "in frequent use from c.1910" [OED].
urgency (n.) Look up urgency at Dictionary.com
1530s, probably from urgent + -cy.
urgent (adj.) Look up urgent at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle French urgent "pressing, impelling" (14c.), from Latin urgentem (nominative urgens), present participle of urgere "to press hard, urge" (see urge (v.)). Related: Urgently.
Uriah Look up Uriah at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, in Old Testament, the Hittite husband of Bathsheba; of non-Hebrew (possibly Horite) origin, but explained by folk etymology as Hebrew Uriyyah, literally "flame of the Lord." Uriah Heep, character from Dickens' "David Copperfield" (1850) sometimes is invoked as the type of a hypocritically humble person.
uric (adj.) Look up uric at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to or obtained from urine," 1797, from French urique, from urine (see urine). Uric acid attested from 1800.
urinal (n.) Look up urinal at Dictionary.com
c.1200, "glass vial to receive urine for medical inspection," from Old French urinal, from Late Latin urinal, from urinalis (adj.) "relating to urine," from Latin urina (see urine). Meaning "chamber pot" is from late 15c. Modern sense of "fixture for urinating (for men)" is attested from 1851.
urinalysis (n.) Look up urinalysis at Dictionary.com
1889, from urine + analysis.
urinary (adj.) Look up urinary at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Modern Latin urinarius, from Latin urina (see urine).
urinate (v.) Look up urinate at Dictionary.com
1590s, back-formation from urination or else from Medieval Latin urinatus, past participle of urinare, from urina (see urine). Related: Urinated; urinating.
urination (n.) Look up urination at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Medieval Latin urinationem (nominative urinatio), noun of action from past participle stem of urinare (v.), from urina (see urine.
urine (n.) Look up urine at Dictionary.com
c.1300, from Old French orine, urine (12c.) and directly from Latin urina "urine," from PIE *ur- (cognates: Greek ouron "urine"), variant of root *we-r- "water, liquid, milk" (cognates: Sanskrit var "water," Avestan var "rain," Lithuanian jures "sea," Old English wær, Old Norse ver "sea," Old Norse ur "drizzling rain"), related to *eue-dh-r (see udder).
URL Look up URL at Dictionary.com
by 1990, initialism (acronym) from uniform resource locator.
urn (n.) Look up urn at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "large, rounded vase used to preserve the ashes of the dead," from Latin urna "a jar, vessel of baked clay, water-jar; vessel for the ashes of the dead" (also used as a ballot box and for drawing lots), probably from earlier *urc-na, akin to urceus "pitcher, jug," and from the same source as Greek hyrke "earthen vessel." But another theory connects it to Latin urere "to burn" (compare bust (n.1)).
uro- Look up uro- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "urine," from comb. form of Greek ouron "urine" (see urine).
urogenital (adj.) Look up urogenital at Dictionary.com
1838, from uro- + genital. Form urinogenital is attested from 1836.
urologist (n.) Look up urologist at Dictionary.com
1873; see urology + -ist.
urology (n.) Look up urology at Dictionary.com
1753, from uro- + -logy.
Ursa Look up Ursa at Dictionary.com
in constellation names, Old English, from Latin ursa "she-bear" (see ursine).
urschleim (n.) Look up urschleim at Dictionary.com
1921, from German Urschleim "original mucus," from ur- (see ur-) + Schleim (see slime (n.)).
ursine (adj.) Look up ursine at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to a bear," 1550s, from Latin ursinus "of or resembling a bear," from ursus "a bear," cognate with Greek arktos, from PIE *rtko- (see Arctic).
ursprache (n.) Look up ursprache at Dictionary.com
"proto-language," 1908, from German Ursprache, from ur- (see ur-) + sprache "speech" (see speech).
Ursula Look up Ursula at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Latin Ursula, diminutive of ursa "she-bear" (see ursine). The Ursuline order of Catholic women was founded as Brescia in 1537 and named for Saint Ursula.
urticaria (n.) Look up urticaria at Dictionary.com
"nettle-rash," medical Latin, from Latin urtica "nettle, stinging nettle" (figuratively "spur, incentive, stimulant), from urere "to burn," from PIE root *eus- "to burn" (see ember) + abstract noun ending -ia. Related: Urticarial.
Uruguay Look up Uruguay at Dictionary.com
country named for river that flows past it, which is from a native name in an extinct language, said to represent uru "bird" + guay "tail," perhaps a reference to some totemic animal. Related: Uruguayan.
us (pron.) Look up us at Dictionary.com
Old English us (cognate with Old Saxon, Old Frisian us, Old Norse, Swedish oss, Dutch ons, German uns), accusative and dative plural of we, from PIE *nes- (2), forming oblique cases of the first person plural personal pronoun (cognates: Sanskrit nas, Avestan na, Hittite nash "us;" Greek no "we two;" Latin nos "we, us;" Old Church Slavonic ny "us," nasu "our;" Old Irish ni, Welsh ni "we, us"). The -n- is preserved in Germanic in Dutch ons, German uns.
US Look up US at Dictionary.com
also U.S., abbreviation of United States, attested from 1834. U.S.A. for "United States of America" is recorded from 1885; before that it generally meant "U.S. Army."
USA Look up USA at Dictionary.com
also U.S.A., abbreviation of United States of America, in use by 1814 in addresses, etc.; not common otherwise before c.1920. Before then it often also meant United States Army.
usable (adj.) Look up usable at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French usable "available, in use" (14c.), from user (see use (v.)). Not a common word before c.1840, when probably it was re-formed from use (v.) + -able. Related: Usably.
usage (n.) Look up usage at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "established practice, custom," from Anglo-French and Old French usage "custom, habit, experience; taxes levied," from us, from Latin usus "use, custom" (see use (v.)). From late 14c. as "service, use, act of using something."
usb Look up usb at Dictionary.com
initialism (acronym) for universal serial bus, by 1994.
use (v.) Look up use at Dictionary.com
c.1200, "employ for a purpose," from Old French user "employ, make use of, practice, frequent," from Vulgar Latin *usare "use," frequentative form of past participle stem of Latin uti "make use of, profit by, take advantage of, enjoy, apply, consume," in Old Latin oeti "use, employ, exercise, perform," of uncertain origin. Related: Used; using. Replaced Old English brucan (see brook (v.)). From late 14c. as "take advantage of."
use (n.) Look up use at Dictionary.com
c.1200, "act of employing," from Anglo-French and Old French us "custom, practice, usage," from Latin usus "use, custom, practice, employment, skill, habit," from past participle stem of uti (see use (v.)).
used (adj.) Look up used at Dictionary.com
"second-hand," 1590s, past participle adjective from use (v.). To be used to "accustomed, familiar" is recorded by late 14c. Verbal phrase used to "formerly did or was" (as in I used to love her) represents a construction attested from c.1300, and common from c.1400, from use (intransitive) "be accustomed, practice customarily," but now surviving only in past tense form. The pronunciation is affected by the t- of to. Used-to-be (n.) "one who has outlived his fame" is from 1853.
useful (adj.) Look up useful at Dictionary.com
1590s, from use (n.) + -full. Related: Usefully; usefulness.
useless (adj.) Look up useless at Dictionary.com
1590s, from use (n.) + -less. Related: Uselessly; uselessness.
user (n.) Look up user at Dictionary.com
c.1400, agent noun from use (v.). Of narcotics, from 1935; of computers, from 1967. User-friendly (1977) is said in some sources to have been coined by software designer Harlan Crowder as early as 1972.
username (n.) Look up username at Dictionary.com
by 1982, from user + name (n.).
usher (n.) Look up usher at Dictionary.com
late 13c., "servant who has charge of doors and admits people to a chamber, hall, etc.," from Anglo-French usser (12c.), Old French ussier, uissier "porter, doorman," from Vulgar Latin *ustiarius "doorkeeper," variant of Latin ostiarius "door-keeper," from ostium "door, entrance," from os "mouth," from PIE *os- "mouth" (see oral). Fem. form usherette is attested from 1913, American English.
usher (v.) Look up usher at Dictionary.com
1590s, "conduct, escort, admit ceremoniously," from usher (n.). Related: Ushered; ushering.
USSR Look up USSR at Dictionary.com
also U.S.S.R., initialism (acronym) of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, by 1926.
Ustashi Look up Ustashi at Dictionary.com
Croatian separatise movement, 1932, from Croatian Ustaše, plural of Ustaša "insurgent, rebel."
usual (adj.) Look up usual at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French usuel "current, in currency (of money), valid" (13c.) and directly from Late Latin usualis "ordinary," from Latin usus "custom" (see use (v.)). The usual suspects is from a line delivered by Claude Rains (as a French police inspector) in "Casablanca" (1942).
usually (adv.) Look up usually at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from usual + -ly (2).
usufruct (n.) Look up usufruct at Dictionary.com
"right to the use and profits of the property of another without damaging it," 1610s (implied in usufructuary), from Late Latin usufructus, in full usus et fructus "use and enjoyment," from Latin usus "a use" (see use (n.)) + fructus "enjoyment," literally "fruit" (see fruit). Attested earlier in delatinized form usufruit (late 15c.).
usurer (n.) Look up usurer at Dictionary.com
late 13c., "one who lends money at interest," but later especially "one who lends money at an exorbitant rate of interest," from Anglo-French usurer, Old French usurier, usureor, from Medieval Latin usurarius "money-lender, usurer," from Latin usurarius (adj.) "pertaining to interest; that pays interest," from usura (see usury).
usurious (adj.) Look up usurious at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from usury + -ous. Related: Usuriously.