sault (n.) Look up sault at
"waterfall or rapid," c. 1600, from colonial French sault, 17c. alternative spelling of saut "to leap," from Latin saltus, from salire "to leap" (see salient (adj.)).
sauna (n.) Look up sauna at
1881, from Finnish sauna.
saunter (v.) Look up saunter at
late 15c., santren "to muse, be in reverie," of uncertain origin despite many absurd speculations. Meaning "walk with a leisurely gait" is from 1660s, and may be a different word. Klein suggests this sense of the word derives via Anglo-French sauntrer (mid-14c.) from French s'aventurer "to take risks," but OED finds this "unlikely." Related: Sauntered; sauntering.
saunter (n.) Look up saunter at
"a leisurely stroll," 1828, from saunter (v.). Earlier it meant "idle occupation, diversion" (1728).
saurian (n.) Look up saurian at
reptile of the order Sauria, 1819, from Modern Latin sauria "the order of reptiles," from Greek sauros "lizard" (see -saurus). Sauropod is 1891, from Modern Latin sauropoda (O.C. Marsh, 1884), second element from Greek pous "foot," from PIE root *ped- (1) "a foot" (see foot (n.)).
sausage (n.) Look up sausage at
mid-15c., sawsyge, from Old North French saussiche (Modern French saucisse), from Vulgar Latin *salsica "sausage," from salsicus "seasoned with salt," from Latin salsus "salted" (see sauce).
saute (n.) Look up saute at
1813, from French sauté, literally "jumped, bounced" (in reference to tossing continually while cooking), past participle of sauter "to jump," from Latin saltare "to hop, dance," frequentative of salire "to leap" (see salient (adj.)). As an adjective, "fried quickly," from 1869. As a verb from 1859. Related: Sauteed.
Sauterne (n.) Look up Sauterne at
also Sauternes, name for certain white wines, 1711, from Sauterne, district near Bordeaux where it is made.
savage (adj.) Look up savage at
mid-13c., "fierce, ferocious;" c. 1300, "wild, undomesticated, untamed" (of animals and places), from Old French sauvage, salvage "wild, savage, untamed, strange, pagan," from Late Latin salvaticus, alteration of silvaticus "wild," literally "of the woods," from silva "forest, grove" (see sylvan). Of persons, the meaning "reckless, ungovernable" is attested from c. 1400, earlier in sense "indomitable, valiant" (c. 1300).
savage (n.) Look up savage at
"wild person," c. 1400, from savage (adj.).
savage (v.) Look up savage at
"to tear with the teeth, maul," 1880, from savage (adj.). Earlier "to act the savage" (1560s). Related: Savaged; savaging.
savagely (adv.) Look up savagely at
c. 1400; see savage (adj.) + -ly (2).
savagery (n.) Look up savagery at
1590s; see savage (adj.) + -ry.
savannah (n.) Look up savannah at
also savanna, "treeless plain," 1550s, from Spanish sabana, earlier zavana "treeless plain," from Taino (Arawakan) zabana. In U.S. use, especially in Florida, "a tract of low-lying marshy ground" (1670s).
Savannah Look up Savannah at
port city in U.S. state of Georgia, from savana, name applied to the Native Americans in the area by early European explorers, perhaps from a self-designation of the Shawnee Indians, or from the European topographical term (see savannah).
savant (n.) Look up savant at
"one eminent for learning," 1719, from French savant "a learned man," noun use of adjective savant "learned, knowing," former present participle of savoir "to know," from Vulgar Latin *sapere, from Latin sapere "be wise" (see sapient).
savate (n.) Look up savate at
French method of fighting with the feet, 1862, from French savate, literally "a kind of shoe" (see sabotage).
save (v.) Look up save at
c. 1200, "to deliver from some danger; rescue from peril, bring to safety," also "prevent the death of;" also theological, "to deliver from sin or its consequences; admit to eternal life; gain salvation," from Old French sauver "keep (safe), protect, redeem," from Late Latin salvare "make safe, secure," from Latin salvus "safe" (see safe (adj.)). From c. 1300 as "reserve for future use, hold back, store up instead of spending;" hence "keep possession of" (late 14c.).

Save face (1898) first was used among the British community in China and is said to be from Chinese; it has not been found in Chinese, but tiu lien "to lose face" does occur. To not (do something) to save one's life is recorded from 1848. To save (one's) breath "cease talking or arguing" is from 1926.
save (n.) Look up save at
in the sports sense of "act of preventing opponent from scoring," 1890, from save (v.).
save (prep.) Look up save at
"except," early 14c., from adjective save, which also was an early variant of safe (adj.), paralleling evolution in Old French sauf "safe," prepositional use of the adjective, in phrases such as saulve l'honneur "save (our) honor;" also a use in Latin (salva lege, etc.).
saved (adj.) Look up saved at
"delivered from damnation," c. 1300, past participle adjective from save (v.). Saved by the bell is from 1914 in reference to prize fighting; 1912 in reference to the classroom; figurative use from 1915, probably at first from the fighting sense.
saveloy (n.) Look up saveloy at
1837, corruption of French cervelas, from Italian cervellata, from cervello "brain," from Latin cerebrum (see cerebral). So called because it originally was made of pigs' brains.
saver (n.) Look up saver at
c. 1300, "savior," agent noun from save (v.). Meaning "one who economizes" is 1540s; meaning "means of saving" is from 1660s.
saving (prep.) Look up saving at
late 14c., from safe (adj.); see save (prep.).
savings (n.) Look up savings at
"money saved," 1737, plural of saving, vwerbal noun from save (v.). Related: Savings account attested by 1882; savings bank, 1817. S & L for savings and loan attested from 1951.
savior (n.) Look up savior at
c. 1300, "one who delivers or rescues from peril," also a title of Jesus Christ, from Old French sauveour, from Late Latin salvatorem (nominative salvator) "a saver, preserver" (source also of Spanish salvador, Italian salvatore), from salvatus, past participle of salvare "to save" (see save (v.)). In Christian sense, a translation of Greek soter "savior." Replaced Old English hælend, literally "healing," noun use of present participle of hælan (see heal).
saviour (n.) Look up saviour at
chiefly British English spelling of savior (q.v.); for suffix, see -or.
savoir-faire (n.) Look up savoir-faire at
"instinctive knowledge of the right course of action in any circumstance," 1815, from French, literally "to know (how) to do," from savoir "to know" (from Latin sapere; see sapient) + faire (from Latin facere "to make, do;" see factitious). French also has savoir-vivre "ability in good society; knowledge of customs in the world."
Savonarola Look up Savonarola at
Girolamo Savonarola (1452-1498), Dominican monk famous for his fierce opposition to moral license and Church corruption.
savor (n.) Look up savor at
mid-13c., from Old French savor "flavor, taste; sauce, seasoning; delight, pleasure," from Latin saporem (nominative sapor) "taste, flavor," related to sapere "to have a flavor" (see sapient).
savor (v.) Look up savor at
c. 1300, from Old French savorer "taste, breathe in; appreciate, care for," from Late Latin saporare, from Latin sapor (see savor (n.)). Related: Savored; savoring.
savory (adj.) Look up savory at
"pleasing in taste or smell," c. 1200, from Old French savore "tasty, flavorsome" (Modern French savouré), past participle of savourer "to taste" (see savor (n.)).
savory (n.) Look up savory at
aromatic mint, late 14c., perhaps an alteration of Old English sæþerie, which is ultimately from Latin satureia "savory (n.)," a foreign word in Latin. But early history of the word suggests transmission via Old French savereie. In either case, the form of the word probably was altered by influence of the Middle English or Old French form of savory (adj.).
savour Look up savour at
chiefly British English spelling of savor (q.v.); for spelling, see -or. Related: Savoured; savouring.
savoury Look up savoury at
chiefly British English spelling of savory; also see -or.
Savoy Look up Savoy at
region in southeastern France (before 1800 part of the Kingdom of Sardinia), French Savoie, from Roman Sapaudia, of unknown origin. Related: Savoyard.
savvy (n.) Look up savvy at
1785, "practical sense, intelligence;" also a verb, "to know, to understand;" West Indies pidgin borrowing of French savez(-vous)? "do you know?" or Spanish sabe (usted) "you know," both from Vulgar Latin *sapere, from Latin sapere "be wise, be knowing" (see sapient). The adjective is first recorded 1905, from the noun. Related: Savvily; savviness.
saw (n.1) Look up saw at
toothed cutting tool, Old English sagu, from Proto-Germanic *sago "a cutting tool" (cognates: Old English seax "knife," Old Norse sög, Norwegian sag, Danish sav, Swedish såg, Middle Dutch saghe, Dutch zaag, Old High German saga, German Säge "saw"), from PIE root *sek- "to cut" (cognates: Latin secare "to cut," Russian sech' "to cut;" see section (n.)).
saw (n.2) Look up saw at
"proverb, saying, maxim," Old English sagu "saying, discourse, speech, study, tradition, tale," from Proto-Germanic *saga-, *sagon- (cognates: Middle Low German, Middle Dutch sage, zage, German Sage "legend, fable, saga, myth, tradition," Old Norse saga "story, tale, saga"), from PIE root *sek(w)- "to say, utter" (see say (v.)).
saw (v.) Look up saw at
"cut with a saw," c. 1200, sauen, saghen, from saw (n.1). Strong conjugation began by c. 1400 on model of draw, etc. Related: Sawed; sawing. Sawed-off "short, cut short" is attested 1887 of persons, 1898 of shotguns.
saw (v.) Look up saw at
past tense of see; from Old English plural sawon.
sawbones (n.) Look up sawbones at
"surgeon," 1837, slang, from verbal phrase; see saw (v.) + bone (n.).
sawbuck (n.) Look up sawbuck at
"ten-dollar bill," American English slang, 1850, from resemblance of X (Roman numeral 10) to the ends of a sawhorse. Sawbuck in the sense of "sawhorse" is attested only from 1862 but presumably is older (see saw (n.1)).
sawdust (n.) Look up sawdust at
1520s, from saw (n.1) + dust (n.).
sawfish (n.) Look up sawfish at
also saw-fish, 1660s; see saw (n.1.) + fish (n.).
sawhorse (n.) Look up sawhorse at
"support or rack for holding wood while it is cut by a saw," 1778, from saw (n.1) + horse (n.) in the mechanical sense.
sawmill (n.) Look up sawmill at
1550s; see saw (n.1) + mill (n.1).
sawn Look up sawn at
strong past participle of saw (v.), attested from c. 1400.
sawtooth (n.) Look up sawtooth at
c. 1600, from saw (n.1) + tooth.
sawyer (n.) Look up sawyer at
mid-13c. "one whose occupation is sawing timber into planks, boards, etc." (as a surname from c. 1200), alteration of sawer, agent noun from saw (v.), influenced by French-derived words in -ier (such as lawyer, bowyer, clothier).