replacement (n.) Look up replacement at
"act or fact of being replaced," 1790, from replace (v.) + -ment. Meaning "something that replaces another" is attested from 1894.
replant (v.) Look up replant at
1570s, from re- "back, again" + plant (v.). Related: Replanted; replanting.
replay (v.) Look up replay at
1862, in sporting jargon (curling), from re- "again" + play (v.). Of recordings, attested from 1912. Related: Replayed; replaying. The noun is from 1895, "a replayed match" (in sports).
replenish (v.) Look up replenish at
mid-14c., from Old French repleniss-, extended present participle stem of replenir "to fill up," from re-, here probably an intensive prefix, + -plenir, from Latin plenus "full" (from PIE root *pele- (1) "to fill"). Related: Replanished; replenishing.
replete (adj.) Look up replete at
late 14c., from Old French replet "filled up" (14c.), from Latin repletus "filled, full," past participle of replere "to fill; fill again, re-fill," from re- (see re-) + plere "to fill" (from PIE root *pele- (1) "to fill").
repletion (n.) Look up repletion at
late 14c., from Old French repletion, replection (early 14c.) or directly from Late Latin repletionem (nominative repletio), noun of action from past participle stem of replere "to fill" (see replete).
replevin (n.) Look up replevin at
"recovery of goods (by someone) taken from him, upon posting of security," mid-15c., from Anglo-French replevin (14c.) and Anglo-Latin (13c.) replevina, from Old French replevir (v.) "to pledge, protect, warrant," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + plevir, of uncertain origin; perhaps related to pledge (v.). The corresponding verb is replevy (1550s).
replica (n.) Look up replica at
1824, from Italian replica "copy, repetition, reply," from replicare "to duplicate," from Latin replicare "to repeat," in classical Latin "fold back, fold over, bend back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + plicare "to fold" (from PIE root *plek- "to plait"). Properly, a copy of a work of art made by the original artist.
replicable (adj.) Look up replicable at
1520s, "that may be replied to," from Latin stem of reply + -able. Meaning "that may be duplicated" is from 1953, from replicate (v.). Related: Replicability.
replicate (v.) Look up replicate at
early 15c., "repeat," from Late Latin replicatus, past participle of replicare "to reply, repeat," in classical Latin "fold back, fold over, bend back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + plicare "to fold" (from PIE root *plek- "to plait"). Meaning "to copy, reproduce, make a replica of" is from 1882, a back-formation from replication. Genetic sense is first recorded 1957. Related: Replicated; replicating.
replication (n.) Look up replication at
late 14c., "action of folding back," also "legal reply (third step in the pleadings in a common-law action), rejoinder," from Anglo-French replicacioun, Old French replicacion "reply, answer," from Latin replicationem (nominative replicatio) "a reply, repetition, a folding back," from past participle stem of replicare "to repeat, reply," literally "to fold back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + plicare "to fold" (from PIE root *plek- "to plait"). Meaning "a copy, reproduction" first recorded 1690s. Sense in genetics is from 1948.
reply (n.) Look up reply at
1550s, from reply (v.).
reply (v.) Look up reply at
late 14c., "to make an answer," from Old French replier "to reply, turn back," from Late Latin replicare "to reply, repeat," in classical Latin "fold back, fold over, bend back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + plicare "to fold" (from PIE root *plek- "to plait"). Latin literal sense of "to fold back" is attested from mid-15c. in English but is not now used. Modern French répliquer (Middle French replier) is directly from Late Latin. Related: Replied; replying.
repo (adj.) Look up repo at
by 1972 (in repo man), American English, short for repossess or repossession.
repoint (v.) Look up repoint at
1834 in masonry, from re- "again" + point (v.). Related: Repointed; repointing.
repopulate (v.) Look up repopulate at
1590s, from re- + populate (v.). Related: Repopulated; repopulating.
report (n.) Look up report at
late 14c., "an account brought by one person to another, rumor," from Old French report "pronouncement, judgment" (Modern French rapport), from reporter "to tell, relate" (see report (v.)).

Meaning "resounding noise, sound of an explosion" is from 1580s. Meaning "formal statement of results of an investigation" first attested 1660s; sense of "teacher's official statement of a pupil's work and behavior" is from 1873 (report card in the school sense first attested 1919).
report (v.) Look up report at
late 14c., "to make known, tell, relate," from Old French reporter "to tell, relate; bring back, carry away, hand over," from Latin reportare "carry back, bear back, bring back," figuratively "report," in Medieval Latin "write (an account) for information or record," from re- "back" (see re-) + portare "to carry" (from PIE root *per- (2) "to lead, pass over"). Early 15c. as "to submit" (to an authority, etc.). Meaning "to name someone as having offended somehow" is from 1885. Related: Reported; reporting.
reportable (adj.) Look up reportable at
1858, "worthy," from report (v.) + -able. Of accidents, etc., 1942. Related: Reportably.
reportage (n.) Look up reportage at
"the describing of events," 1877; see report (v.) + -age. From 1881 as a French word in English.
reported (adj.) Look up reported at
"according to report," 1812, past participle adjective from report (v.). Related: Reportedly.
reporter (n.) Look up reporter at
late 14c., reportour, "one who gives an account," agent noun from report (v.), or from Old French reporteur (Modern French rapporteur). In the newspaper sense, from 1798. French reporter in this sense is a 19c. borrowing from English.
reportorial (adj.) Look up reportorial at
irregular formation, 1852, American English, from Latinized form of reporter + -ial.
repose (n.) Look up repose at
"rest," c. 1500, from Middle French repos (11c.), back-formation from reposer (see repose (v.1)).
repose (v.1) Look up repose at
"lie at rest," mid-15c., from Middle French reposer, from Old French repauser (10c.), from Late Latin repausare "cause to rest," from Latin re-, here probably an intensive prefix (see re-), + Late Latin pausare "to stop" (see pause (v.)). Related: Reposed; reposing.
repose (v.2) Look up repose at
"put, place," mid-15c., from Latin repos-, stem of reponere "put back, set back, replace, restore; put away, lay out, stretch out," from re- "back, away" (see re-) + ponere "to put, place" (past participle positus; see position (n.)). Or perhaps [Klein] formed in Middle English from Old French poser, on model of disposen "dispose."
reposeful (adj.) Look up reposeful at
1852, "full of repose," from repose (n.) + -ful. Earlier it meant "responsible" (1620s), from repose (v.2).
reposition (v.) Look up reposition at
also re-position, 1859, from re- "again" + position (v.). Related: Repositioned; repositioning.
reposition (n.) Look up reposition at
1580s, "act of replacing," from Late Latin repositionem (nominative repositio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin reponere (see repose (v.2)). Meaning "act of laying up in safety" is from 1610s.
repository (n.) Look up repository at
late 15c., "vessel, etc., for storage," Middle French repositoire or directly from Late Latin repositorium "store," in classical Latin, "a stand on which food is placed," from noun use of repositus, past participle of reponere "put away, store" (see repose (v.2)). Figurative use is recorded from 1640s.
repossess (v.) Look up repossess at
late 15c., "to reoccupy;" see re- "back, again" + possess. Meaning "take back from a purchaser who defaults on payments" first recorded 1933. Related: Repossessed; repossessing.
repossession (n.) Look up repossession at
1580s, from re- + possession.
repost (v.) Look up repost at
1963, with reference to letters, from re- + post (v.3). Related: Reposted; reposting.
repot (v.) Look up repot at
"put in fresh pots," 1845, from re- + pot (v.). Related: Repotted; repotting.
repour (v.) Look up repour at
c. 1600, from re- + pour (v.). Related: Repoured; repouring.
repousse (adj.) Look up repousse at
"formed in relief," in reference to a type of decorative pattern, 1852, from French repoussé, past participle of repousser "to thrust back, beat back," from re- (see re-) + pousser (see push (v.)).
reprehend (v.) Look up reprehend at
mid-14c., from Latin reprehendere "to blame, censure, rebuke; seize, restrain," literally "pull back, hold back," from re- "back" (see re-) + prehendere "to grasp, seize" (see prehensile).
reprehensible (adj.) Look up reprehensible at
late 14c., from Old French reprehensible (14c.) or directly from Late Latin reprehensibilis, from reprehens-, past participle stem of Latin reprehendere "to blame, censure, rebuke; seize, restrain" (see reprehend). Related: Reprehensibly; reprehensibility.
reprehension (n.) Look up reprehension at
late 14c., from Old French reprehension (12c.) or directly from Latin reprehensionem (nominative reprehensio) "blame, a censure, reprimand," literally "a taking again," noun of action from past participle stem of reprehendere (see reprehend).
reprehensive (adj.) Look up reprehensive at
1580s, from Latin stem of reprehend + -ive, perhaps on model of comprehensive.
represent (v.) Look up represent at
late 14c., "to bring to mind by description," also "to symbolize, serve as a sign or symbol of; serve as the type or embodiment of;" from Old French representer "present, show, portray" (12c.), from Latin repraesentare "make present, set in view, show, exhibit, display," from re-, intensive prefix (see re-), + praesentare "to present," literally "to place before," from praesens) "present, at hand, in sight; immediate; prompt, instant; contemporary," from present participle of præesse "be before (someone or something), be at hand," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + esse "to be" (from PIE root *es- "to be"). Legislative sense is attested from 1650s. Related: Represented; representing.
representation (n.) Look up representation at
c. 1400, "image, likeness," from Old French representacion (14c.) and directly from Latin representationem (nominative representatio), noun of action from past participle stem of repraesentare (see represent). Meaning "statement made in regard to some matter" is from 1670s. Legislative sense first attested 1769.
representational (adj.) Look up representational at
1855, from representation + -al (1). Specifically of visual arts from 1923. Related: Representationally.
representative (adj.) Look up representative at
"serving to represent," late 14c., from Old French representatif (early 14c.), from Medieval Latin repraesentativus, from stem of Latin repraesentare (see represent). Meaning "standing for others" is from 1620s; in the political sense of "holding the place of the people in the government, having citizens represented by chosen persons" is first recorded 1620s. Meaning "pertaining to or founded on representation of the people" is from 1640s.
representative (n.) Look up representative at
1640s, "example, type," from representative (adj.); 1690s in sense of "member of a legislative body."
repress (v.) Look up repress at
late 14c., "to check, restrain," from Latin repressus, past participle of reprimere "hold back, curb," figuratively "check, confine, restrain, refrain," from re- "back" (see re-) + premere "to press, hold fast, cover, crowd, compress" (from PIE root *per- (4) "to strike").

Used of feelings or desires from late 14c.; in the purely psychological sense, it represents German verdrängen (Freud, 1893), first attested 1904 (implied in repressed). Meaning "to put down" (a rebellion, etc.) is from late 15c. Related: Repressed; repressing.
repressed (adj.) Look up repressed at
1660s, past participle adjective from repress (v.). Psychological sense by 1904.
repression (n.) Look up repression at
late 14c., noun of action from repress (v.), or else from Medieval Latin repressionem (nominative repressio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin reprimere. Psychological sense is from 1908; biochemical sense is from 1957.
repressive (adj.) Look up repressive at
early 15c., from Middle French repressif, from Latin repress-, past participle stem of reprimere (see repress). Related: Repressively.
reprieve (v.) Look up reprieve at
1570s, reprive, "take back to prison," alteration (perhaps by influence of reprove) of Middle English repryen "to remand, detain" (late 15c.), probably from Middle French repris, past participle of reprendre "take back" (see reprise). Meaning "to suspend an impending execution" is recorded from 1590s; this sense evolved because being sent back to prison was the alternative to being executed. Spelling with -ie- is from 1640s, perhaps by analogy of achieve, etc. Related: Reprieved; reprieving.