remote (adj.) Look up remote at
mid-15c., from Middle French remot or directly from Latin remotus "afar off, remote, distant in place," past participle of removere "move back or away, take away, put out of view, subtract," from re- "back, away" (see re-) + movere "to move" (from PIE root *meue- "to push away"). Related: Remotely; remoteness. Remote control "fact of controlling from a distance" is recorded from 1904; as a device which allows this from 1920.
remoulade (n.) Look up remoulade at
"type of French salad dressing," 1845, from French rémoulade (17c.), from remolat, a dialect word for "horseradish;" compare Italian ramolaccio "horseradish," by dissimilation from ramoraccio, from Latin armoracia.
remount (v.) Look up remount at
also re-mount, late 14c., "put on horseback again," also "return to a former state," from Old French remonter "to climb up, ascend again," from re- (see re-) + monter (see mount (v.)). From late 15c. as "to go up again," 1620s as "to raise (something) up again." Related: Remounted; remounting.
removable (adj.) Look up removable at
1530s, from remove (v.) + -able. Related: Removability.
removal (n.) Look up removal at
1590s; see remove (v.) + -al (2).
remove (n.) Look up remove at
1550s, "act of removing," from remove (v.). Sense of "distance or space by which any thing is removed from another" is attested from 1620s.
remove (v.) Look up remove at
early 14c., "move, take away, dismiss," from Old French removoir "move, stir; leave, depart; take away," from Latin removere "move back or away, take away, put out of view, subtract," from re- "back, away" (see re-) + movere "to move" (from PIE root *meue- "to push away"). Related: Removed; removing.
removed (adj.) Look up removed at
"distant in relationship" (by some expressed degree), 1540s, from past participle of remove (v.). Meaning "remote, separated, secluded" is from 1610s.
remunerate (v.) Look up remunerate at
1520s, "pay for work or services," back-formation from remuneration or else from Latin remuneratus, past participle of remunerari (later remunerare) "repay, reward," from re- "back" (see re-) + munerari "to give," from munus (genitive muneris) "gift, office, duty" (see municipal). Related: Remunerated; remunerating.
remuneration (n.) Look up remuneration at
c. 1400, from Middle French remuneration and directly from Latin remunerationem (nominative remuneratio) "a repaying, recompense," noun of action from past participle stem of remunerari "to pay, reward," from re- "back" (see re-) + munerari "to give," from munus (genitive muneris) "gift, office, duty" (see municipal).
remunerative (adj.) Look up remunerative at
1620s, "inclined to remunerate," from remunerate + -ive. From 1670s as "rewarding;" 1859 as "profitable." Related: Remuneratively; remunerativeness.
Remy Martin (n.) Look up Remy Martin at
from French Rémy Martin, proprietary name of a type of cognac, from the name of the founder (1724).
Renaissance (n.) Look up Renaissance at
"great period of revival of classical-based art and learning in Europe that began in the fourteenth century," 1840, from French renaissance des lettres, from Old French renaissance, literally "rebirth," usually in a spiritual sense, from renastre "grow anew" (of plants), "be reborn" (Modern French renaître), from Vulgar Latin *renascere, from Latin renasci "be born again, rise again, reappear, be renewed," from re- "again" (see re-) + nasci "be born" (Old Latin gnasci, from PIE root *gene- "give birth, beget").

An earlier term for it was revival of learning (1785). In general usage, with a lower-case r-, "a revival" of anything that has long been in decay or disuse (especially of learning, literature, art), it is attested from 1872. Renaissance man is first recorded 1906.
renal (adj.) Look up renal at
1650s, from French rénal and directly from Late Latin renalis "of or belonging to kidneys," from Latin ren (plural renes) "kidneys," a word of of uncertain etymology, with possible cognates in Old Irish aru "kidney, gland," Welsh arenn "kidney, testicle," Hittite hah(ha)ari "lung(s), midriff." Also possibly related are Old Prussian straunay, Lithuanian strenos "loins," Latvian streina "loins." "The semantic shift from 'loins' to 'kidneys' is quite conceivable" [de Vaan].
renascence (n.) Look up renascence at
"rebirth; state of being reborn," 1727, from renascent + -ence. As a native alternative to The Renaissance, first used in 1869 by Matthew Arnold. Related: Renascency (1660s).
renascent (adj.) Look up renascent at
1727, from Latin renascentem (nominative renascens), present participle of renasci "be born again" (see renaissance).
rend (v.) Look up rend at
Old English rendan, hrendan "to tear, cut down," from West Germanic *randijan (source also of Old Frisian renda "to cut, break," Middle Low German rende "anything broken," German Rinde "bark, crust"), probably related to rind. Related: Rended; rent; rending.
render (n.) Look up render at
1580s, agent noun from rend (v.).
render (v.) Look up render at
late 14c., "repeat, say again," from Old French rendre "give back, present, yield" (10c.), from Vulgar Latin *rendere (formed by dissimilation or on analogy of its antonym, prendre "to take"), from Latin reddere "give back, return, restore," from red- "back" (see re-) + comb. form of dare "to give" (from PIE root *do- "to give").

Meaning "hand over, deliver" is recorded from late 14c.; "to return" (thanks, a verdict, etc.) is attested from late 15c.; meaning "represent, depict" is first attested 1590s. Irregular retention of -er in a French verb in English is perhaps to avoid confusion with native rend (v.) or by influence of a Middle English legalese noun render "a payment of rent," from French noun use of the infinitive. Related: Rendered; rendering.
rendering (n.) Look up rendering at
mid-15c., "action of restoring," verbal noun from render (v.). Meaning "a translation" is from 1640s; that of "extracting or melting of fat" is from 1792. Visual arts sense of "reproduction, representation" is from 1862.
rendezvous (n.) Look up rendezvous at
1590s, "place for assembling of troops," from Middle French rendez-vous, noun use of rendez vous "present yourselves," from rendez, plural imperative of rendre "to present" (see render (v.)) + vous "you," from Latin vos, from PIE *wos- "you" (plural). General sense of "appointed place of meeting" is attested from 1590s.
rendezvous (v.) Look up rendezvous at
1640s, from rendezvous (n.).
rendition (n.) Look up rendition at
c. 1600, "surrender of a place or possession," from obsolete French rendition "a rendering," noun of action from Old French rendre "to deliver, to yield" (see render (v.)). Meaning "translation" first recorded 1650s; that of "an acting, a performing" first recorded 1858, American English.
renegade (n.) Look up renegade at
1580s, "apostate," probably (with change of suffix) from Spanish renegado, originally "Christian turned Muslim," from Medieval Latin renegatus, noun use of past participle of renegare "deny" (see renege). General sense of "turncoat" is from 1660s. The form renegate, directly from Medieval Latin, is attested in English from late 14c. As an adjective from 1705.
renege (v.) Look up renege at
1540s, "deny, renounce, abandon," from Medieval Latin renegare, from Latin re-, here probably an intensive prefix, + negare "refuse," from PIE root *ne- "not." Meaning "change one's mind" is from 1784. Related: Reneged; reneging.
renegotiate (v.) Look up renegotiate at
1934, from re- "again" + negotiate. Related: Renegotiated; renegotiating.
renew (v.) Look up renew at
late 14c., from re- "again" + Middle English newen "resume, revive, renew" (see new); formed on analogy of Latin renovare. Related: Renewed; renewing.
renewable (adj.) Look up renewable at
1727, from renew + -able. In reference to energy sources, attested by 1971.
renewal (n.) Look up renewal at
1680s, from renew + -al (2). Specific meaning "urban redevelopment" is from 1965, American English. Earlier noun was simply renew (early 15c.).
renin (n.) Look up renin at
enzyme found in kidneys, 1894, from German Renin, from Latin renes "kidneys" (see renal) + -in (2).
renminbi (n.) Look up renminbi at
currency introduced 1948 in China, from Chinese renminbi, from renmin "people" + bi "currency."
rennet (n.2) Look up rennet at
variety of apple, 1560s, from French reinette, literally "little queen," diminutive of reine "queen," from Latin regina (see Regina).
rennet (n.1) Look up rennet at
"inner membrane of a calf's fourth stomach," c. 1400, probably from an unrecorded Old English *rynet, related to gerennan "cause to run together," because it makes milk run or curdle; from Proto-Germanic *rannijanan, causative of *renwanan "to run" (from PIE root *rei- "to run, flow"). Compare German rinnen "to run," gerinnen "to curdle."
rennin (n.) Look up rennin at
milk-curdling enzyme, 1897, from rennet + -in (2).
renounce (v.) Look up renounce at
late 14c., from Old French renoncier "give up, cede" (12c., Modern French renoncer), from Latin renuntiare "bring back word; proclaim; protest against, renounce," from re- "against" (see re-) + nuntiare "to report, announce," from nuntius "messenger" (from PIE root *neu- "to shout"). Related: Renounced; renouncing.
renovate (v.) Look up renovate at
1520s, back-formation from renovation, or else from Latin renovatus, past participle of renovare "renew, restore" (see renovation). Related: Renovated; renovating.
renovation (n.) Look up renovation at
c. 1400, renovacyoun "spiritual rebirth," also "rebuilding, reconstruction," from Middle French renovation (13c.), or directly from Latin renovationem (nominative renovatio) "a renewing, renewal; a rest," noun of action from past participle stem of renovare "renew, restore," from re- "again" (see re-) + novare "make new," from novus "new" (see new).
renown (n.) Look up renown at
c. 1300, from Anglo-French renoun, Old French renon "renown, fame, reputation," from renomer "make famous," from re- "repeatedly" (see re-) + nomer "to name," from Latin nominare "to name" (see nominate). The Middle English verb reknouen "make known, acknowledge" has been assimilated to the noun via renowned. In old German university slang, a reknowner (German renommist) was "a boaster, a swaggerer."
renowned (adj.) Look up renowned at
"celebrated, famous," late 14c., past participle adjective from renown.
rent (n.2) Look up rent at
"torn place," 1530s, noun use of Middle English renten "to tear, rend" (early 14c.), variant of renden (see rend (v.)).
rent (v.) Look up rent at
mid-15c., "to rent out property, grant possession and enjoyment of in exchange for a consideration paid," from Old French renter "pay dues to," or from rent (n.1). Related: Rented; renting. Earlier (mid-14c.) in the more general sense of "provide with revenue." Sense of "to take and hold in exchange for rent" is from 1520s. Intransitive sense of "be leased for rent" is from 1784. Prefix rent-a- first attested 1921, mainly of businesses that rented various makes of car (Rentacar is a trademark registered in U.S. 1924); extended to other "temporary" uses since 1961.
rent (n.1) Look up rent at
"payment for use of property," mid-12c., a legal sense, originally "income, revenue" (late Old English), from Old French rente "payment due; profit, income," from Vulgar Latin *rendita, noun use of fem. past participle of *rendere "to render" (see render (v.)).
rental (n.) Look up rental at
mid-14c., "rent roll;" late 14c., "income from rents," from Anglo-French rental, Medieval Latin rentale; see rent (n.1) + -al (2). Meaning "amount charged for rent" is from 1630s; that of "a car or house let for rent" is from 1952, American English.
renter (n.) Look up renter at
late 14c., "one who lets or rents to others, proprietor," agent noun from rent (v.). Meaning "lessee, tenant, holder of property by payment of rent" is from 1650s.
rentier (n.) Look up rentier at
1847, from French rentier, "holder of rental properties or investments that pay income," from rente "profit, income" (see rent (n.1)).
renumber (v.) Look up renumber at
early 15c., from re- + number. Related: Renumbered; renumbering.
renumerate (v.) Look up renumerate at
"count over," 1650s, from re- "again" + numerate. Related: Renumerated; renumerating.
renunciation (n.) Look up renunciation at
late 14c., "action of renouncing," from Latin renuntiationem (nominative renuntiatio), noun of action from past participle stem of renuntiare "renounce" (see renounce).
reobtain (v.) Look up reobtain at
also re-obtain, 1580s, from re- + obtain. Related: Reobtained; reobtaining.
reoccupy (v.) Look up reoccupy at
also re-occupy, 1731, from re- "back, again" + occupy (v.). Related: Reoccupied; reoccupying.