recalcitrance (n.) Look up recalcitrance at Dictionary.com
1845, from French récalcitrance or from recalcitrant + -ance.
recalcitrant (adj.) Look up recalcitrant at Dictionary.com
1823, from French récalcitrant, literally "kicking back" (17c.-18c.), past participle of recalcitrare "to kick back; be inaccessible," from re- "back" (see re-) + Latin calcitrare "to kick," from calx (genitive calcis) "heel." Used from 1797 as a French word in English.
recalcitrate (v.) Look up recalcitrate at Dictionary.com
"to kick out," 1620s, from Latin recalcitratus, past participle of recalcitrare (see recalcitrant). Sense of "resist obstinately" is from 1759. Related: Recalcitrated; recalcitrating.
recalibrate (v.) Look up recalibrate at Dictionary.com
1883, from re- + calibrate. Related: Recalibrated; recalibrating.
recall (v.) Look up recall at Dictionary.com
1580s, "to bring back by calling upon," from re- "back, again" + call (v.); in some cases a loan-translation of Middle French rappeler (see repeal (v.)) or Latin revocare (see revoke). Sense of "bring back to memory" is from 1610s. Related: Recalled; recalling.
recall (n.) Look up recall at Dictionary.com
1650s, "act of recalling to mind," from recall (v.). In U.S. politics, "removal of an elected official," 1902.
recant (v.) Look up recant at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Latin recantare "recall, revoke," from re- "back" (see re-) + cantare "to chant" (see chant (v.)). A word from the Reformation. Loan-translation of Greek palinoidein "recant," from palin "back" + oeidein "to sing." Related: Recanted; recanting.
recantation (n.) Look up recantation at Dictionary.com
1540s, noun of action from recant.
recap (v.) Look up recap at Dictionary.com
1856, "put a cap on again," from re- + cap (n.). Specific sense "put a strip of rubber on the tread of a tire" is 1920s. As a shortened form of recapitulate, it dates from 1920s. Related: Recapped; recapping.
recapitulate (v.) Look up recapitulate at Dictionary.com
1560s, back-formation from recapitulation and also from Late Latin recapitulatus, past participle of recapitulare. Related: Recapitulated; recapitulating.
recapitulation (n.) Look up recapitulation at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "a summarizing," from Old French recapitulacion (13c.), from Late Latin recapitulationem (nominative recapitulatio), noun of action from past participle stem of recapitulare "go over the main points of a thing again," literally "restate by heads or chapters," from re- "again" (see re-) + capitulum "main part" (see chapter).
recapture (n.) Look up recapture at Dictionary.com
1680s; see re- "back, again" + capture (n.).
recapture (v.) Look up recapture at Dictionary.com
1783, from re- "back, again" + capture (v.). Related: Recaptured; recapturing.
recast (v.) Look up recast at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from re- + cast (v.). Of literary works and other writing, from 1790. Theater sense is from 1951.
recce Look up recce at Dictionary.com
1941, military slang, short for reconnaissance.
recede (v.) Look up recede at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French receder, from Latin recedere "to go back, fall back; withdraw, depart, retire," from re- "back" (see re-) + cedere "to go" (see cede). Related: Receded; receding.
receipt (n.) Look up receipt at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "act of receiving;" also "statement of ingredients in a potion or medicine;" from Anglo-French or Old North French receite "receipt, recipe, prescription" (c.1300), altered (by influence of receit "he receives," from Vulgar Latin *recipit) from Old French recete, from Latin recepta "received," fem. past participle of recipere (see receive). Meaning "written acknowledgment of money or goods received" is from c.1600.
receivable (adj.) Look up receivable at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from receive + -able, and in part from Anglo-French or Old French recevable, from Old French recoivre. Related: Receivables.
receive (v.) Look up receive at Dictionary.com
c.1300, from Old North French receivre (Old French recoivre) "seize, take hold of, pick up; welcome, accept," from Latin recipere "regain, take back, bring back, carry back, recover; take to oneself, take in, admit," from re- "back," though the exact sense here is obscure (see re-) + -cipere, comb. form of capere "to take" (see capable). Radio and (later) television sense is attested from 1908. Related: Received; receiving.
received (adj.) Look up received at Dictionary.com
"generally accepted as true or good," mid-15c., past participle adjective from receive. Thomas Browne called such notions receptaries (1646).
receiver (n.) Look up receiver at Dictionary.com
mid-14c. (mid-13c. as a surname), agent noun from receive, or from Old French recevere (Modern French receveur), agent noun from recievere. As a telephone apparatus, from 1877; in reference to a radio unit, from 1891; in U.S. football sense, from 1897.
receivership (n.) Look up receivership at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "office of a receiver" (of public revenues), from receiver + -ship. As "condition of being under control of a receiver," 1884.
recension (n.) Look up recension at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Latin recensionem (nominative recensio) "an enumeration," noun of action from past participle stem of recensere "to count, enumerate, survey," from re- (see re-) + censere "to tax, rate, assess, estimate" (see censor (n.)).
recent (adj.) Look up recent at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Latin recentem (nominative recens) "lately done or made, new, fresh, young," from re- (see re-) + PIE root *ken- (2) "fresh, new, young" (cognates: Greek kainos "new;" Sanskrit kanina- "young;" Old Irish cetu- "first;" Old Church Slavonic načino "to begin," koni "beginning"). Related: Recently; recentness (1670s, but OED reports recency (1610s) was "Common in 19th c.").
receptacle (n.) Look up receptacle at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French receptacle (14c.) and directly from Latin receptaculum "place to receive and store things," from receptare, frequentative of recipere "to hold, contain" (see receive). As an adjectival form, receptacular (1847) has been used.
reception (n.) Look up reception at Dictionary.com
late 14c., in astrology, "effect of two planets on each other;" sense of "act of receiving" is recorded from late 15c., from Latin receptionem (nominative receptio) "a receiving," noun of action from past participle stem of recipere (see receive). Sense of "ceremonial gathering" is 1882, from French.
receptionist (n.) Look up receptionist at Dictionary.com
"person hired to receive clients in an office," 1900, from reception + -ist. Originally in photography studios.
Let me not forget the receptionist -- generally and preferably, a woman of refined and gentle manners, well informed and specially gifted in handling people of varied dispositions. A woman especially who knows how to handle other women, and who can make herself beloved by the children who may visit the studio. A woman, also, who in a thoroughly suave and dignified way, knows just how to handle the young man of the period so that the photographer may be glad to have his business. What a power the receptionist is when properly chosen and trained. It is not too much to say that she can both make and destroy a business, if she has the amount of discretionary power given to her in some galleries. [John A. Tennant, "Business Methods Applied in Photography," "Wilson's Photographic Magazine," October 1900]
Earlier as an adjective in theology and law (1867).
receptive (adj.) Look up receptive at Dictionary.com
1540s, from Medieval Latin receptivus, from Latin recipere (see receive). Related: Receptivity.
receptor (n.) Look up receptor at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Old French receptour or directly from Latin receptor, agent noun from recipere (see receive). Medical use from 1900.
recess (n.) Look up recess at Dictionary.com
1530s, "act of receding," from Latin recessus "a going back, retreat," from recessum, past participle of recedere "to recede" (see recede). Meaning "hidden or remote part" first recorded 1610s; that of "period of stopping from usual work" is from 1620s, probably from parliamentary notion of "recessing" into private chambers.
recess (v.) Look up recess at Dictionary.com
1809, from recess (n.). Related: Recessed; recessing.
recession (n.) Look up recession at Dictionary.com
1640s, "act of receding, a going back," from French récession "a going backward, a withdrawing," and directly from Latin recessionem (nominative recessio) "a going back," noun of action from past participle stem of recedere (see recede).

Sense of "temporary decline in economic activity," 1929, noun of action from recess (q.v.):
The material prosperity of the United States is too firmly based, in our opinion, for a revival in industrial activity -- even if we have to face an immediate recession of some magnitude -- to be long delayed. ["Economist," Nov. 2, 1929]
Ayto notes, "There was more than a hint of euphemism in the coining of this term."
recessional (adj.) Look up recessional at Dictionary.com
1858, from recession + -al (1). As a noun, "hymn sung while the clergy and choir are leaving church," 1864, with -al (2).
recessive (adj.) Look up recessive at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Latin recess-, past participle stem of recedere (see recede) + -ive. Linguistics sense is from 1879; in genetics, 1900, from German recessiv (Mendel, 1865). Related: Recessiveness.
recharge (v.) Look up recharge at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "to reload" (a vessel), from re- "again, back" + charge "to load" (q.v.); modeled on Old French rechargier "to load, load back on" (13c.). Meaning "re-power a battery" is from 1876. Related: Recharged; recharging. The noun is recorded from 1610s in English.
rechargeable (adj.) Look up rechargeable at Dictionary.com
1901 of batteries, etc., from recharge + -able. Earlier in financial accounts.
recherche (adj.) Look up recherche at Dictionary.com
1722, from French recherché "carefully sought out," past participle of rechercher "to seek out" (12c.), from re-, here perhaps suggesting repeated activity (see re-) + chercher "to search," from Latin circare, in Late Latin "to wander hither and thither," from circus "circle" (see circus). Commonly used 19c. of food, styles, etc., to denote obscure excellence.
recidivate (v.) Look up recidivate at Dictionary.com
"fall back; relapse," 1520s, from Medieval Latin recidivatus, past participle of recidivare "to relapse" (see recidivist). Related: Recidivated; recidivating.
recidivism (n.) Look up recidivism at Dictionary.com
"habit of relapsing" (into crime), 1882, from recidivist + -ism, modeled on French récidivisme, from récidiver.
recidivist (n.) Look up recidivist at Dictionary.com
"relapsed criminal," 1863, from French récidiviste, from récidiver "to fall back, relapse," from Medieval Latin recidivare "to relapse into sin," from Latin recidivus "falling back," from recidere "fall back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.)). Recidivation in the spiritual sense is attested from early 15c., was very common 17c.
recipe (n.) Look up recipe at Dictionary.com
1580s, "medical prescription," from Middle French récipé (15c.), from Latin recipe "take!," second person imperative singular of recipere "to take" (see receive); word written by physicians at the head of prescriptions. Figurative use from 1640s. Meaning "instructions for preparing food" first recorded 1743. The original sense survives only in the pharmacist's abbreviation Rx.
recipient (n.) Look up recipient at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Middle French récipient (16c.) and directly from Latin recipientem (nominative recipiens), present participle of recipere (see receive). As an adjective from 1610s. Related: Recipience; recipiency.
reciprocal (adj.) Look up reciprocal at Dictionary.com
1560s, with -al (1) + stem of Latin reciprocus "returning the same way, alternating," from pre-Latin *reco-proco-, from *recus (from re- "back;" see re-, + -cus, adjective formation) + *procus (from pro- "forward;" see pro-, + -cus. Related: Reciprocally. The noun meaning "that which is reciprocal" (to another) is from 1560s.
reciprocate (v.) Look up reciprocate at Dictionary.com
"to return, requite," 1610s, back-formation from reciprocation, or else from Latin reciprocatus, past participle of reciprocare "rise and fall, move back and forth; reverse the motion of," from reciprocus (see reciprocal). Related: Reciprocated; reciprocating.
reciprocating (adj.) Look up reciprocating at Dictionary.com
"moving back and forth," 1690s, present participle adjective from reciprocate (v.). Specifically of machines by 1822.
reciprocation (n.) Look up reciprocation at Dictionary.com
1520s, "mode of expression;" 1560s, "act of reciprocating," from Latin reciprocationem (nominative reciprocatio) "retrogression, alternation, ebb," noun of action from past participle stem of reciprocare "move back, turn back," also "come and go, move back and forth;" from reciprocus (see reciprocal).
reciprocity (n.) Look up reciprocity at Dictionary.com
1766, from French réciprocité (18c.), from reciproque, from Latin reciprocus, past participle of reciprocare (see reciprocal).
recision (n.) Look up recision at Dictionary.com
"act of cutting off," 1610s, from Middle French recision, alteration of rescision (from Late Latin rescissionem "annulment;" see rescission), influenced in form by Late Latin recisionem (nominative recisio) "a cutting back," noun of action from past participle stem of recidere "to cut back" (see recidivist).
recital (n.) Look up recital at Dictionary.com
1510s, a legal term, "rehearsal or statement of relevant facts," from recite + -al. Meaning "act of reciting" is from 1610s; musical performance sense is from 1811.
recitation (n.) Look up recitation at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "act of detailing," from Old French récitation (14c.) and directly from Latin recitationem (nominative recitatio) "public reading, a reading aloud," noun of action from past participle stem of recitare (see recite). Meaning "act of repeating aloud" is from 1620s; that of "repetition of a prepared lesson" is first recorded 1770, American English.