panties (n.) Look up panties at
1845, "drawers for men" (derogatory), diminutive of pants; meaning "underpants for women or children" first recorded 1908. Panty raid first attested 1952.
pantisocracy (n.) Look up pantisocracy at
"ideal Utopian community in which all have equal rights," 1794, literally "equal rule of all," from Greek pantos, genitive of pan "all" (see pan-) + isocratia "equality of power" (see isocracy).
pantomime (n.) Look up pantomime at
1610s, "mime actor," from Latin pantomimus "mime, dancer," from Greek pantomimos "actor," literally "imitator of all," from panto- (genitive of pan) "all" (see pan-) + mimos "imitator" (see mime (n.)).

Meaning "drama or play without words" first recorded 1735. The English dramatic performances so called, usually at Christmas and with words and songs and stock characters, are attested by this name from 1739; said to have originated c. 1717. Related: Pantomimic; pantomimical.
pantomime (v.) Look up pantomime at
1768, from pantomime (n.). Related: Pantomimed; pantomiming.
pantothenic (adj.) Look up pantothenic at
denoting a B-complex vitamin acid, 1933, from Greek pantothen "from all quarters, on every side," from panto-, comb. form of pantos, genitive of pan "all" (see pan-) + -ic. So called because it was found in so many sources.
pantry (n.) Look up pantry at
early 14c., from Anglo-French panetrie (Old French paneterie) "bread room," from Medieval Latin panataria "office or room of a servant who has charge of food" (literally "bread"), from Latin panis "bread," from PIE root *pa- "to feed." Sense in English has evolved so far that its roots in "bread" are no longer felt.
pants (n.) Look up pants at
trousers, 1840, see pantaloons. Colloquial singular pant is attested from 1893. To wear the pants "be the dominant member of a household" is first attested 1931. To do something by the seat of (one's) pants "by human instinct" is from 1942, originally of pilots, perhaps with some notion of being able to sense the condition and situation of the plane by engine vibrations, etc. To be caught with (one's) pants down "discovered in an embarrassing condition" is from 1932.
pantsuit (n.) Look up pantsuit at
1966, contraction of pants suit (1964), from pants + suit (n.).
pantyhose (n.) Look up pantyhose at
1963; see panties + hose (n.).
pantywaist (n.) Look up pantywaist at
"weak or effeminate male," 1936, from a type of child's garment with short pants that buttoned to the waist of a shirt; see panties + waist.
panzer (adj.) Look up panzer at
1940, from of German Panzerdivision "armored unit," from Panzer "tank," literally "armor," from Middle High German panzier, from Old French panciere "armor for the belly," from pance "belly, stomach," from Latin pantex (genitive panticis) "belly" (see paunch).
pap (n.1) Look up pap at
"soft food for infants," late 14c., from Old French pape "watered gruel," from Latin pappa, a widespread word in children's language for "food" (Middle High German and Dutch pap, German Pappe, Spanish, Portuguese papa, Italian pappa), imitative of an infant's noise when hungry; possibly associated with pap (n.2). Meaning "over-simplified idea" first recorded 1540s.
pap (n.2) Look up pap at
"nipple of a woman's breast," c. 1200, first attested in Northern and Midlands writing, probably from a Scandinavian source (not recorded in Old Norse, but compare dialectal Swedish pappe), from PIE imitative root *pap- "to swell" (source also of Latin papilla "nipple," papula "a swelling, pimple;" Lithuanian papas "nipple").
pap (n.3) Look up pap at
"older man," 1844, shortening of papa.
Pap test (n.) Look up Pap test at
1963, short for Papanicolaou (1947) in reference to George Nicholas Papanicolaou (1883-1962), Greek-born U.S. anatomist who developed the technique of examining secreted cells to test for cancer.
papa (n.) Look up papa at
"father," 1680s, from French papa, from Latin papa, originally a child's word, similar to Greek pappa (vocative) "o father," pappas "father," pappos "grandfather." The native word is daddy; first use of papa was in courtly speech, as a continental affectation, not used by common folk until late 18c.
papacy (n.) Look up papacy at
late 14c., from Medieval Latin papatia "papal office," from Late Latin papa "pope" (see pope). Old English had papdom in this sense.
papal (adj.) Look up papal at
late 14c., from Old French papal (late 14c.) and directly from Medieval Latin papalis "pertaining to the pope," from papa (see pope).
paparazzi (n.) Look up paparazzi at
1961, from Italian Paparazzo (plural paparazzi) surname of the freelance photographer in Federico Fellini's 1959 film "La Dolce Vita." The surname itself is of no special significance; it is said to be a common one in Calabria, and Fellini is said to have borrowed it from a travel book, "By the Ionian Sea," in which occurs the name of hotel owner Coriolano Paparazzo.
paparazzo (n.) Look up paparazzo at
see paparazzi.
papaw (n.) Look up papaw at
1620s, variant of papaya (q.v.), used from 1760 to designate the papaw tree.
papaya (n.) Look up papaya at
1590s for fruit, 1610s for tree, from Spanish, probably from Arawakan (West Indies) papaya.
paper (n.) Look up paper at
mid-14c., from Anglo-French paper, Old French papier "paper, document," from Latin papyrus "paper, paper made of papyrus stalks" (see papyrus).

Meaning "paper money" attested from 1722. As shortened form of newspaper, first attested 1640s. In plural, "collection of papers to establish one's identity, credentials, etc.," it is attested from 1680s. Paper chase is British slang from 1932.
paper (v.) Look up paper at
1590s, "to write down on paper," from paper (n.). Meaning "to decorate a room with paper hangings" is from 1774. Related: Papered; papering. Verbal phrase paper over in the figurative sense is from 1955, from the notion of hiding plaster cracks with wallaper.
paper (adj.) Look up paper at
1590s, from paper (n.). Figurative of something flimsy or unsubstantial from 1716. Paper tiger (1952) translates Chinese tsuh lao fu, popularized by Mao Zedong. Paper doll attested from 1849; paper plate from 1723.
paper-weight (n.) Look up paper-weight at
"heavy object used to hold down papers," 1858, from paper (n.) + weight (n.).
paperback (n.) Look up paperback at
1899, from paper (n.) + back (n.). Adjective paper-backed attested from 1888.
paperless (adj.) Look up paperless at
1938 of cigarettes; 1967 of banks; 1971 of offices, from paper (n.) + -less.
paperwork (n.) Look up paperwork at
1580s, "things made of paper," from paper (n.) + work (n.). Meaning "work done on paper" is from 1889.
papier-mache (n.) Look up papier-mache at
also papier mache, 1753, from French papier-mâché, literally "chewed paper," from Old French papier "paper" (see paper (n.)) + mâché "compressed, mashed," from past participle of mâcher, literally "to chew," from Late Latin masticare "masticate" (see mastication).
papilla (n.) Look up papilla at
plural papillae, 1690s, "nipple," from Latin papilla "nipple," diminutive of papula "swelling" (see pap (n.2)). Meaning "nipple-like protuberance" attested from 1713.
papillary (adj.) Look up papillary at
1660s, from Latin papilla (see papilla) + -ary.
papilledema (n.) Look up papilledema at
also papilloedema, 1908, from papilla + edema.
papilloma (n.) Look up papilloma at
1866, a modern Latin hybrid from papilla + -oma.
papillon (n.) Look up papillon at
1907, as a breed of dog, from French papillon, literally "butterfly," from Latin papilionem (nominative papilio) "butterfly," perhaps from a reduplicated form of PIE root *pal- "to touch, feel, shake."

The Latin word is cognate with Old English fifealde "butterfly," Old Saxon fifoldara, Old Norse fifrildi, Old High German vivaltra, German Falter. The dog so called for the shape of the ears.
papish (adj.) Look up papish at
1540s; see papal + -ish.
papist (n.) Look up papist at
1530s, "adherent of the pope," from Middle French papiste, from papa "pope," from Church Latin papa (see pope).
papoose (n.) Look up papoose at
1630s, from Narragansett papoos "child," or a similar New England Algonquian word; said to mean literally "very young."
paprika (n.) Look up paprika at
1896, from German Paprika, from Hungarian paprika, a diminutive from Serbo-Croatian papar "pepper," from Latin piper or Modern Greek piperi (see pepper (n.)). A condiment made from a New World plant, introduced into Eastern Europe by the Turks; known in Hungary by 1569.
Papua Look up Papua at
race that inhabits New Guinea, 1610s, from Malay (Austronesian) papuah "frizzled." Related: Papuan.
papule (n.) Look up papule at
1864, from Latin papula "pustule, pimple, swelling" (see pap (n.2)). Related: Papular.
papyrus (n.) Look up papyrus at
late 14c., from Latin papyrus "the paper plant, paper made from it," from Greek papyros "any plant of the paper plant genus," said to be of Egyptian origin. Proper plural is papyri.
par (prep.) Look up par at
"by, for," mid-13c., from Old French par, per, from Latin per (see per).
par (n.) Look up par at
1620s, "equality," also "value of one currency in terms of another," from Latin par "equal, equal-sized, well-matched," also as a noun, "that which is equal, equality," of unknown origin. Watkins suggests perhaps from PIE root *pere- (2) "to grant, allot," with suggestion of reciprocality.

Another guess connects it with PIE root *per- (5) "to traffic in, sell" (on notion of "give equal value for"); see pornography. Meaning "average or usual amount" is first attested 1767. Golf usage is first attested 1898. Figurative use of par for the course is from 1928.
par excellence Look up par excellence at
French, from Latin per excellentiam "by the way of excellence." From French par "by way of, by means of," from Latin per (see per). For second element see excellence.
para- (1) Look up para- at
before vowels, par-, word-forming element meaning "alongside, beyond; altered; contrary; irregular, abnormal," from Greek para- from para (prep.) "beside, near, issuing from, against, contrary to," from PIE *prea, from root *per- (1) "forward," hence "toward, near, against." Cognate with Old English for- "off, away."
para- (2) Look up para- at
word-forming element meaning "defense, protection against; that which protects from," from Italian para, imperative of parare "to ward off," from Latin parare "make ready" (from PIE root *pere- (1) "to produce, procure").
Parabellum (n.) Look up Parabellum at
proprietary name for a type of automatic firearm, 1904 (Mauser & Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken), from Latin phrase si vis pacem, para bellum, from para, imperative of parare "to prepare" (from PIE root *pere- (1) "to produce, procure") + bellum "war" (see bellicose).
parable (n.) Look up parable at
mid-13c., parabol, modern form from early 14c., "saying or story in which something is expressed in terms of something else," from Old French parable "parable, parabolic style in writing" (13c.), from Latin parabola "comparison," from Greek parabole "a comparison, parable," literally "a throwing beside," hence "a juxtaposition," from para- "alongside" (see para- (1)) + bole "a throwing, casting, beam, ray," related to ballein "to throw" (from PIE root *gwele- "to throw, reach").

Replaced Old English bispell. In Vulgar Latin, parabola took on the meaning "word," hence Italian parlare, French parler "to speak" (see parley (n.)).
parabola (n.) Look up parabola at
1570s, from Modern Latin parabola, from Greek parabole "a comparison, parable," literally "a throwing beside," hence "a juxtaposition" (see parable), so called by Apollonius of Perga c. 210 B.C.E. because it is produced by "application" of a given area to a given straight line. It had a different sense in Pythagorean geometry. Related: Parabolic.