overact (v.) Look up overact at Dictionary.com
1610s, "to go too far in action," from over- + act (v.). Meaning "to play a part with too much emphasis, to chew the scenery" is from 1630s. Related: Overacted; overacting.
overage (n.) Look up overage at Dictionary.com
"a surplus amount," 1945, a banking term, coined from over on model of shortage.
overall (adv.) Look up overall at Dictionary.com
"everywhere," Old English ofer eall, from ofer "over" (see over) + eall (see all). Sense of "including everything" is from 1894. The noun in the clothing sense (usually plural) of "loose trousers of a strong material worn by cowboys, etc." is from 1782. Specific sense "loose fitting canvas trousers with a bib and strap top" (originally worn by workmen over other clothes to protect them from wet, dirt, etc.) is attested from 1897.
overalls (n.) Look up overalls at Dictionary.com
see overall. Compare French surtout "overcoat," literally "an over all," from sur- "over" + tout "all."
overarching (adj.) Look up overarching at Dictionary.com
1720, from present participle of verb overarch (1660s), from over- + arch (v.).
overawe (v.) Look up overawe at Dictionary.com
1570s, from over- + awe (v.). Perhaps coined by Spenser. Related: Overawed; overawing.
overbear (v.) Look up overbear at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to carry over," from over- + bear (v.). Meaning "to bear down by weight of physical force" is from 1535 (in Coverdale), originally nautical, of an overwhelming wind; figurative sense of "to overcome and repress by power, authority, etc." is from 1560s.
overbearing (adj.) Look up overbearing at Dictionary.com
figurative present participle adjective from overbear (v.) in its sense "to bear down."
overbite (n.) Look up overbite at Dictionary.com
"overlapping of the lower teeth by the upper ones," 1887, from over- + bite (n.).
overblown (adj.) Look up overblown at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "blown over, passed away," past participle adjective from verb overblow "to blow over the top of," of a storm, "to abate, pass on" (late 14c.), from over- + blow (v.1). Meaning "inflated, puffed up" (with vanity, etc.) is from 1864.
overboard (adv.) Look up overboard at Dictionary.com
"over the side of a ship," Old English ofor bord, from over + bord "side of a ship" (see board (n.2)). Figurative sense of "excessively, beyond one's means" (especially in phrase go overboard) first attested 1931 in Damon Runyon.
overbook (v.) Look up overbook at Dictionary.com
"to sell more tickets than there are seats," 1903, from over- + book (v.); originally in reference to theaters. Related: Overbooked; overbooking.
overburden (v.) Look up overburden at Dictionary.com
also over-burden, "to put too much weight on," 1530s, from over- + burden (v.). Earliest uses are figurative. Related: Overburdened; overburdening.
overcast (adj.) Look up overcast at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, of weather, past participle adjective from verb overcast (early 13c.), "to overthrow," also "to cover, to overspread" as with a garment, usually of weather, from over- + cast (v.).
overcharge (v.) Look up overcharge at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "to overload, overburden," from over- + charge (v.). Meaning "to charge someone too much money" is from 1660s. Related: Overcharged; overcharging.
overcloud (v.) Look up overcloud at Dictionary.com
1590s, from over- + cloud (v.). Related: Overclouded; overclouding.
overcoat (n.) Look up overcoat at Dictionary.com
"large coat worn over ordinary clothing," 1802, from over- + coat (n.).
overcome (v.) Look up overcome at Dictionary.com
Old English ofercuman "to reach, overtake," also "to conquer, prevail over," from ofer (see over) + cuman "to come" (see come (v.)). A common Germanic compound (Middle Dutch overkomen, Old High German ubarqueman, German überkommen). In reference to mental or chemical force, "to overwhelm, render helpless," it is in late Old English. Meaning "to surmount" (a difficulty or obstacle) is from c. 1200. The Civil Rights anthem "We Shall Overcome" was put together c. 1950s from lyrics from Charles Tindley's spiritual "I'll Overcome Some Day" (1901), and melody from pre-Civil War spiritual "No More Auction Block for Me." Related: Overcame; overcoming.
overcrowd (v.) Look up overcrowd at Dictionary.com
1766, from over- + crowd (v.). Related: Overcrowded; overcrowding.
overdo (v.) Look up overdo at Dictionary.com
Old English oferdon "to do too much," from ofer (see over) + don (see do (v.)). Common Germanic (for example Old High German ubartuan). Meaning "to overtax, exhaust" (especially in phrase to overdo it) is attested from 1817. Of food, "to cook too long," first recorded 1680s (in past participle adjective overdone).
overdone (adj.) Look up overdone at Dictionary.com
Old English ofer-done "carried to excess;" see overdo. Of cooking from 1680s.
overdose (n.) Look up overdose at Dictionary.com
1700, "an excessive dose," from over- + dose (n.).
overdose (v.) Look up overdose at Dictionary.com
1727, "to administer medicine in too large a dose" (transitive); from 1968 as "to take an overdose of drugs;" see over- + dose (v.). Related: Overdosed; overdosing.
overdraft (n.) Look up overdraft at Dictionary.com
1878, in the banking sense, from over- + draft (n.).
overdraw (v.) Look up overdraw at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to draw across;" 1734 in the banking sense, from over- + draw (v.). Related: Overdrawn; overdrawing.
overdrive (n.) Look up overdrive at Dictionary.com
"speed-increasing gear in an automobile," 1929, from over- + drive (n.).
overdub (v.) Look up overdub at Dictionary.com
1954, from over- + dub (v.). As a noun (over-dub) from 1953. Related: Overdubbed; overdubbing.
overdue (adj.) Look up overdue at Dictionary.com
"past the due date," 1845 of bills, 1890 of library books, 1970 of menstrual periods, from over- + due (adj.).
overeat (v.) Look up overeat at Dictionary.com
"to eat too much," 1590s, from over- + eat (v.). Related: Overate; overeating. Old English had oferæt (n.) "gluttony; oferæte (adj.) "gluttonous."
overfed (adj.) Look up overfed at Dictionary.com
1570s, from over- + fed (adj.).
overfeed (v.) Look up overfeed at Dictionary.com
also over-feed, c. 1600, from over- + feed (v.). Related: overfed; overfeeding.
overflow (v.) Look up overflow at Dictionary.com
Old English oferfleow "to flow across, flood, inundate," also "to flow over (a brim or bank);" see over- + flow (v.). Related: Overflowed; overflowing.
overflow (n.) Look up overflow at Dictionary.com
1580s, "act of overflowing," from overflow (v.).
overgrazed (adj.) Look up overgrazed at Dictionary.com
of grassland, 1929, from over- + past participle of graze (v.).
overground (adj.) Look up overground at Dictionary.com
"situated above ground" (as opposed to underground), 1879, from over- + ground (n.).
overgrown (adj.) Look up overgrown at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "covered with growth," past participle adjective from overgrow "overspread with foliage" (Old English ofergrowan); see over- + grown, and compare Old English verb ofergrowan "to overgrow." Meaning "having grown too large" is attested from late 15c.
overgrowth (n.) Look up overgrowth at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, from over- + growth. Also see overgrown.
overhand (adv.) Look up overhand at Dictionary.com
1570s, "upside down," from over- + hand. Sense in tennis, etc., in reference to hand position above that which is gripped, is first recorded 1861. As an adjective, of throws, strokes, or bowls, "done with the hand raised above the shoulder," it is first recorded 1828 (in cricket).
overhang (v.) Look up overhang at Dictionary.com
1590s, from over- + hang (v.). Related: Overhung; overhanging.
overhang (n.) Look up overhang at Dictionary.com
"fact of overhanging," 1864, from overhang (v.).
overhaul (v.) Look up overhaul at Dictionary.com
1620s, from over- + haul (v.); originally nautical, "pull rigging apart for examination," which was done by slackening the rope by hauling in the opposite direction to that in which it is pulled in hoisting. Replaced overhale in sense of "overtake" (1793). Related: Overhauled; overhauling.
overhaul (n.) Look up overhaul at Dictionary.com
1826, from overhaul (v.).
overhead Look up overhead at Dictionary.com
1530s, "above one's head" (adv.), from over- + head. The adjective is attested from 1874. As a noun, short for overhead costs, etc., it is attested from 1914.
overhear (v.) Look up overhear at Dictionary.com
"to hear what one is not meant to hear," 1540s, from over- + hear. The notion is perhaps "to hear beyond the intended range of the voice." Old English oferhieran also meant "to not listen, to disregard, disobey" (compare overlook for negative force of over; also Middle High German überhaeren, Middle Dutch overhoren in same sense). Related: Overheard; overhearing.
overheat (v.) Look up overheat at Dictionary.com
"to make too hot" (transitive), late 14c., from over- + heat (v.). Intransitive sense "to become too hot" is from 1902, originally in reference to motor engines. Related: Overheated; overheating.
overindulge (v.) Look up overindulge at Dictionary.com
also over-indulge, 1821, from over (adv.) + indulge.
overjoy (v.) Look up overjoy at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to rejoice over," from over- + joy (q.v.); translating Latin supergaudere (in Psalms xxxiv, etc.). Transitive sense of "to fill with gladness" is first recorded 1570s (now usually in past participle overjoyed).
overkill (n.) Look up overkill at Dictionary.com
1958, from over- + kill (v.). Originally in reference to nuclear arsenals; the general sense is from 1965. The verb is attested from 1946.
overlap (v.) Look up overlap at Dictionary.com
"to partially extend over," 1726; see over- + lap (v.2). Verbal phrase lap over "extend beyond" is recorded from 1630s. Related: Overlapped; overlapping.
overlap (n.) Look up overlap at Dictionary.com
1813, from overlap (v.).